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Compare armed forces

Military power of Japan and China

Country: Japan China
Capital: Tokyo Beijing
Population: 126 880 000 1 373 541 278
Area: 377 944 km2 9 596 961 km2
Nuclear weapons: 0 warheads 260 warheads
More: Japan military forces description China military forces description

Military expenditures

Military budget: 46,1 billion $ 215 billion $
Percent of GDP: 1% 1,9%
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Manpower

Active personnel: 247 150 2 300 000
Reserve personnel: 56 100 510 000
Available for military: 27 301 443 385 821 101

Land Forces

Tanks: 686 9 150×See current equipment
Armoured fighting vehicles: 2 905 4 788
Total artillery: 1 179 9 726
Self-propelled artillery: 226 1 710
Rocket artillery: 99 1 770

Air Forces

Total aircraft: 1 654 3 729
Fighter aircraft: 154 1 199
Multirole aircraf: 134 567
Attack aircraft: 0 300
Helicopters: 719 1 627

Navy

Total naval: 129 749
Aircraftcarriers: 4 1
Destroyers: 38 32
Frigates: 0 51
Corvettes: 6 32
Submarines: 17 73

Military service

Japan

18 years of age for voluntary military service; no conscription; mandatory retirement at age 53 for senior enlisted personnel and at 62 years for senior service officers.

China

18-24 years of age for selective compulsory military service, with a 2-year service obligation; no minimum age for voluntary service (all officers are volunteers); 18-19 years of age for women high school graduates who meet requirements for specific military jobs; a recent military decision allows women in combat roles.