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Military power of Australia & Japan

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Australia vs Japan

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Australia Japan

Australia is a country located in Oceania with an area of 7,692,024 km2 (land boundries: 0 km and costline 25,760 km). The capital of Australia is Canberra. The number of inhabitants is 25,807,800.

Australia has been part of the Australia, New Zealand, and US Security (ANZUS) Treaty. In 2021, Australia, the United Kingdom, and the United States announced an enhanced trilateral security partnership called “AUKUS” which would build on existing bilateral ties. The Australian military's inventory includes a mix of domestically-produced and imported Western weapons systems. USA is the largest supplier of arms. The Australian defense industry produces a variety of land and sea weapons platforms.

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Japan is a country located in Eastern Asia with an area of 377,944 km2 (land boundries: 0 km and costline 29,751 km). The capital of Japan is Tokyo. The number of inhabitants is 125,360,000.

The current Self Defense Force was founded in 1954. Japan has Major Non-NATO Ally (MNNA) status with the USA. Approximately 55,000 US troops and other military assets, including aircraft and naval ships, were stationed in Japan and had exclusive use of more than 80 bases and facilities. In exchange for their use, the US guarantees Japan’s security. The JSDF is equipped with a mix of imported and domestically-produced equipment. The majority of its weapons imports are from the US and some domestically-produced weapons are US-origin and manufactured under license.

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If you want to check the comparison in terms of economic ratios check out CompareEconomy.com

Military expenditures

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Military budget: 34.4 billion $ 51 billion $
Percent of GDP: 2% 1.2%

Military budget

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Highest value in the world: 916 billion $ (USA)
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Manpower

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Active personnel: 60,330 247,150
Reserve personnel: 29,740 56,100
Available for military: 5,316,464 27,301,443

Active

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Highest value in the world: 2,035,000 (China)
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Land Forces

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Tanks: 59 1,004
Armoured fighting vehicles: 1,796 3,072
Total artillery: 235 623
Self-propelled artillery: 0 214
Rocket artillery: 0 99

Tanks

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Highest value in the world: 12,267 (Russia)
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Air Forces

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Total aircraft: 433 1,444
Fighter aircraft: 0 155
Multirole aircraft: 133 79
Attack aircraft: 0 0
Helicopters: 130 698
UCAV (combat drone): 0 0

Total aircraft

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Highest value in the world: 12,930 (USA)
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Navy

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Total naval: 45 140
Aircraftcarriers: 2 4
Destroyers: 3 36
Frigates: 8 2
Corvettes: 0 6
Submarines: 6 22

Total naval

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Highest value in the world: 967 (North Korea)
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Nuclear weapons

Australia

Does not have nuclear weapons.

Japan

Does not have nuclear weapons.

Military service

Australia

17 years of age for voluntary military service (with parental consent); no conscription; women allowed to serve in most combat roles, except the Army special forces.

Japan

18 years of age for voluntary military service; no conscription; mandatory retirement at age 53 for senior enlisted personnel and at 62 years for senior service officers.