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Military power of NATO & Russia

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NATO vs Russia

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NATO Russia

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (North Atlantic Alliance) is an intergovernmental military alliance which was signed in Washington on 4 April 1949. NATO is a system of collective security: its independent member states agree to defend each other against attacks by others countries. NATO's main headquarters are located in Brussels. The following twelve states signed the treaty and became the founding members: Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, United Kingdom and United States. The following states joined the treaty after 1949: Greece, Germany, Turkey and Spain. Members who joined after the dissolution of the Soviet Union: Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Albania, Croatia, Montenegro and North Macedonia.

Before and during the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine, several NATO countries sent army to reinforce the alliance's eastern flank. Alliance had deployed 40,000 troops along its 2,500 kilometres long Eastern flank to deter possible Russian aggression. On 5 July the North Atlantic Alliance members signed off on the accession protocols for Sweden and Finland and formally approved the decisions of the NATO summit.

Russia is a country located in North Asia bordering the Arctic Ocean with an area of 17,098,242 km2 (land boundries: 22,407 km and costline 37,653 km). The capital of Russia is Moscow. The number of inhabitants is 146,171,015.

On 24 February 2022, Russia invaded Ukraine with an estimated 150 k troops. Russia is the leading member of the Collective Security Treaty Organization. The Russian Federation's military is equipped with domestically-produced weapons systems. Russia is the world's second largest exporter of military hardware and has the world's largest stockpile of nuclear weapons.

More about Russia military

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Military expenditures

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Military budget: 1045.1 billion $ 61.7 billion $
Percent of GDP: 0% 4.3%

Military budget

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Highest value in the world: 738 billion $ (USA)


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Active personnel: 3,157,548 1,154,000
Reserve personnel: 2,268,131 2,000,000
Available for military: 205,748,175 34,765,736


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Highest value in the world: 2,185,000 (China)

Land Forces

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Tanks: 14,177 12,270
Armoured fighting vehicles: 84,843 26,831
Total artillery: 12,225 18,497
Self-propelled artillery: 4,288 6,532
Rocket artillery: 2,446 4,359


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Highest value in the world: 12,270 (Russia)

Air Forces

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Total aircraft: 20,954 5,552
Fighter aircraft: 1,104 792
Multirole aircraf: 3,531 832
Attack aircraft: 742 880
Helicopters: 8,266 1,724
UCAV (combat drone): 550 30

Total aircraft

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Highest value in the world: 12,930 (USA)


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Total naval: 1,726 662
Aircraftcarriers: 28 1
Destroyers: 119 16
Frigates: 113 11
Corvettes: 52 83
Submarines: 144 59

Total naval

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Highest value in the world: 742 (China)

Nuclear weapons


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The second most important state when it comes to researching, developing, and then storing nuclear weapon. Although the Russians managed to catch up with Americans later on, it was only in 1949 that the first nuclear test conducted by then the Soviet Union occurred. It was still quite a surprise for the Western Powers, who believed that Russia won’t be capable of producing nuclear warheads until 1953-1954. After the first test, the nation in question started to rapidly increase the amount of warheads they possessed. In the end of 1980s, they were the leading power when it comes to total number of warheads stored. It was approximately 40,000 warheads.

Nowadays, similarly to United States, the Russians store a total number of 6490 warheads, what is scarcely more than USA. When it comes to the number of deployed warheads, the amount is the same as in case of Americans, namely 1600 deployed warheads. We should also remember about the fact that Russia conducted over 700 tests, what makes them the second most important nation when it comes to developing nuclear weapons. However, it was the Soviet Union that managed to create the biggest bomb in the world. Known as Tsar Bomba, it had blast yield of 50 megatons of TNT.

Military service


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18-27 years of age for compulsory or voluntary military service; males are registered for the draft at 17 years of age; 1-year service obligation (conscripts can only be sent to combat zones after 6 months of training); reserve obligation for non-officers to age 50; enrollment in military schools from the age of 16, cadets classified as members of the armed forces.