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Military power of USA & Russia

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USA vs Russia

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Country: USA (US) Russia (RU)
Capital: Washington Moscow
Population: 331 449 281 146 171 015
Area: 9 857 306 km2 17 098 242 km2
More: USA military forces description Russia military forces description
Economy Comparison:

Military expenditures

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Military budget: 738 billion $ 61,7 billion $
Percent of GDP: 3,42% 4,3%

Military budget

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Manpower

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Active personnel: 1 385 727 1 154 000
Reserve personnel: 849 450 2 000 000
Available for military: 73 270 043 34 765 736

Active

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Land Forces

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Tanks: 6 393 20 050
Armoured fighting vehicles: 41 760 27 335
Total artillery: 3 269 14 557
Self-propelled artillery: 950 5 955
Rocket artillery: 1 197 4 032

Tanks

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Air Forces

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Total aircraft: 12 508 4 441
Fighter aircraft: 457 751
Multirole aircraf: 2 192 526
Attack aircraft: 587 783
Helicopters: 4 889 1 505
UCAV (combat drone): 204 0

Total aircraft

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Navy

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Total naval: 437 314
Aircraftcarriers: 20 1
Destroyers: 85 18
Frigates: 0 10
Corvettes: 0 83
Submarines: 71 59

Total naval

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Nuclear weapons

USA

The first country to develop and to military use nuclear warheads in the world. Everything started from the Manhattan project, a research that had one particular goal in focus – to develop and produce the first nuclear weapon. Americans were the first to wield such powerful weapon. Everything started in 1941, which is date of the beginning of Manhattan project. Since the end of the Second World War, United States became the leading country when it comes to possessing nuclear warheads and it lasted approximately to 1980s. We should also bear in mind that United States are also the only nation that ever used nuclear weapon in military conflict.

In 1960, the amount of warheads stored by Americans exceeded 30,000. However, it is worth to note that throughout the entire period of the so-called Cold War, USA managed to build approximately 70,000 nuclear warheads, what is more than all other countries with access to nuclear weapons combined. From the first test that happened in 1945 to this day, the USA conducted 1054 tests of atomic bombs. Still, as a result of introduced restrictions on the amount of warheads one state can possess, the current number has dropped to 6500 warheads. Noteworthy is also the fact that out of this number, United States deployed only 1600.

Russia

The second most important state when it comes to researching, developing, and then storing nuclear weapon. Although the Russians managed to catch up with Americans later on, it was only in 1949 that the first nuclear test conducted by then the Soviet Union occurred. It was still quite a surprise for the Western Powers, who believed that Russia won’t be capable of producing nuclear warheads until 1953-1954. After the first test, the nation in question started to rapidly increase the amount of warheads they possessed. In the end of 1980s, they were the leading power when it comes to total number of warheads stored. It was approximately 40,000 warheads.

Nowadays, similarly to United States, the Russians store a total number of 6490 warheads, what is scarcely more than USA. When it comes to the number of deployed warheads, the amount is the same as in case of Americans, namely 1600 deployed warheads. We should also remember about the fact that Russia conducted over 700 tests, what makes them the second most important nation when it comes to developing nuclear weapons. However, it was the Soviet Union that managed to create the biggest bomb in the world. Known as Tsar Bomba, it had blast yield of 50 megatons of TNT.

Military service

USA

18 years of age (17 years of age with parental consent) for male and female voluntary service; no conscription; maximum enlistment age 42 (Army), 27 (Air Force), 34 (Navy), 28 (Marines); service obligation 8 years, including 2-5 years active duty (Army), 2 years active (Navy), 4 years active (Air Force, Marines); DoD is eliminating prohibitions restricting women from assignments in units smaller than brigades or near combat units.

Russia

18-27 years of age for compulsory or voluntary military service; males are registered for the draft at 17 years of age; 1-year service obligation (conscripts can only be sent to combat zones after 6 months of training); reserve obligation for non-officers to age 50; enrollment in military schools from the age of 16, cadets classified as members of the armed forces.