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Military power of India & Pakistan

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India vs Pakistan

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India Pakistan
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Country: India (IN) Pakistan (PK)
Capital: New Delhi Islamabad
Population: 1 352 642 280 225 199 937
Area: 3 287 590 km2 796 095 km2
More: India military forces description Pakistan military forces description
Economy Comparison:

Military expenditures

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Military budget: 67 billion $ 10,3 billion $
Percent of GDP: 2,4% 4%

Military budget

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(USA)

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(USA)

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Manpower

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Active personnel: 1 455 550 653 000
Reserve personnel: 1 155 000 513 000
Available for military: 319 129 420 48 453 305

Active

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(China)

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(China)

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Land Forces

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Tanks: 4 426 2 735
Armoured fighting vehicles: 5 681 3 066
Total artillery: 5 067 3 745
Self-propelled artillery: 290 325
Rocket artillery: 292 134

Tanks

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Air Forces

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Total aircraft: 2 226 1 241
Fighter aircraft: 323 186
Multirole aircraf: 374 225
Attack aircraft: 220 90
Helicopters: 725 323
UCAV (combat drone): 10 98

Total aircraft

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(USA)

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Navy

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Total naval: 214 231
Aircraftcarriers: 2 0
Destroyers: 11 0
Frigates: 15 9
Corvettes: 24 0
Submarines: 15 5

Total naval

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(China)

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(China)

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Nuclear weapons

India

India is not a party to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. India maintains a "no first use" nuclear policy

India has not released any official statements about the size of its nuclear arsenal. As of January 2020, India was estimated to have around 150 warheads.

Pakistan

Pakistan is one of several nations that are not the part of Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. Yet, the Pakistani government managed to acquire nuclear warheads, or at least it is believed so. The entire pursuit for nuclear power began at the beginning of 1970s. It was back then, when Western Powers heard about Pakistan efforts of developing nuclear weapons. At the beginning the government established first nuclear power plant. It was located near Karachi. Noteworthy is the fact that it was possible due to the help of Western nations, which provided Pakistan with necessary equipment and materials. Later on, the president of Pakistan said that the main goal of Pakistan is to construct nuclear weapons. It was a response to India’s claim that they are capable of building nuclear weapons.

Although throughout the 1970s and at the beginning of 1980s there were little facts regarding Pakistan’ nuclear capabilities, there were rumours that from the mid-1980s, Pakistan already had a few warheads. However, it was only in 1998 that Pakistan decided to conduct their first nuclear tests. There were 6 tests and they were the response to 5 tests that India conducted several weeks before Pakistan.

Military service

India

16-18 years of age for voluntary military service (Army 17 1/2, Air Force 17, Navy 16 1/2); no conscription; women may join as officers, but for noncombat roles only.

Pakistan

16-23 years of age for voluntary military service; soldiers cannot be deployed for combat until age 18; the Pakistani Air Force and Pakistani Navy have inducted their first female pilots and sailors; the Pakistan Air Force recruits aviation technicians at age 15; service obligation (Navy) 10-18 years; retirement required after 18-30 years service or age 40-52.