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Military power of Belarus & Russia

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Belarus vs Russia

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Belarus Russia

Belarus is a country located in Eastern Europe with an area of 207,595 km2 (land boundries: 3,599 km and costline 0 km (landlocked)). The capital of Belarus is Minsk. The number of inhabitants is 9,349,645.

Belarus has close security ties with Russia. In 2022, Belarus allowed Russian military forces to stage on its territory during its invasion of Ukraine. Russia is the principal supplier of arms to Belarus, and Belarusian troops reportedly train on Russian equipment. The inventory of the Belarus Armed Forces is comprised mostly of Russian andSoviet-origin equipment, and since 2010 Russia is the leading provider of arms. Belarus's defense industry manufactures some equipment (mostly modernized Soviet designs).

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Russia is a country located in North Asia bordering the Arctic Ocean with an area of 17,098,242 km2 (land boundries: 22,407 km and costline 37,653 km). The capital of Russia is Moscow. The number of inhabitants is 146,171,015.

On 24 February 2022, Russia invaded Ukraine with an estimated 150 k troops. Russia is the leading member of the Collective Security Treaty Organization. The Russian Federation's military is equipped with domestically-produced weapons systems. Russia is the world's second largest exporter of military hardware and has the world's largest stockpile of nuclear weapons.

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If you want to check the comparison in terms of economic ratios check out CompareEconomy.com

Military expenditures

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Military budget: 0.8 billion $ 61.7 billion $
Percent of GDP: 1.2% 4.3%

Military budget

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Highest value in the world: 738 billion $ (USA)
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Manpower

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Active personnel: 62,000 1,154,000
Reserve personnel: 344,750 2,000,000
Available for military: 2,500,000 34,765,736

Active

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Highest value in the world: 2,185,000 (China)
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Land Forces

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Tanks: 652 12,267
Armoured fighting vehicles: 1,871 24,172
Total artillery: 1,041 18,266
Self-propelled artillery: 440 6,443
Rocket artillery: 371 4,331

Tanks

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Highest value in the world: 12,267 (Russia)
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Air Forces

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Total aircraft: 199 4,418
Fighter aircraft: 34 340
Multirole aircraft: 4 382
Attack aircraft: 67 689
Helicopters: 68 1,665
UCAV (combat drone): 0 100

Total aircraft

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Highest value in the world: 12,930 (USA)
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Navy

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Total naval: 0 653
Aircraftcarriers: 0 1
Destroyers: 0 14
Frigates: 0 11
Corvettes: 0 80
Submarines: 0 66

Total naval

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Highest value in the world: 967 (North Korea)
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Nuclear weapons

Belarus

Does not have nuclear weapons.

Russia

The second most important state when it comes to researching, developing, and then storing nuclear weapon. Although the Russians managed to catch up with Americans later on, it was only in 1949 that the first nuclear test conducted by then the Soviet Union occurred. It was still quite a surprise for the Western Powers, who believed that Russia won’t be capable of producing nuclear warheads until 1953-1954. After the first test, the nation in question started to rapidly increase the amount of warheads they possessed. In the end of 1980s, they were the leading power when it comes to total number of warheads stored. It was approximately 40,000 warheads.

Nowadays, similarly to United States, the Russians store a total number of 6490 warheads, what is scarcely more than USA. When it comes to the number of deployed warheads, the amount is the same as in case of Americans, namely 1600 deployed warheads. We should also remember about the fact that Russia conducted over 700 tests, what makes them the second most important nation when it comes to developing nuclear weapons. However, it was the Soviet Union that managed to create the biggest bomb in the world. Known as Tsar Bomba, it had blast yield of 50 megatons of TNT.

Military service

Belarus

18-27 years of age for compulsory military or alternative service; conscript service obligation is 12-18 months, depending on academic qualifications, and 24-36 months for alternative service, depending on academic qualifications; 17 year olds are eligible to become cadets at military higher education institutes, where they are classified as military personnel.

Russia

18-27 years of age for compulsory or voluntary military service; males are registered for the draft at 17 years of age; 1-year service obligation (conscripts can only be sent to combat zones after 6 months of training); reserve obligation for non-officers to age 50; enrollment in military schools from the age of 16, cadets classified as members of the armed forces.