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Military power of China and Russia & China

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China and Russia vs China

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China and Russia China

A hypothetical military alliance between China and Russia. The two countries share a land border and they signed the Treaty of Good-Neighborliness and Friendly Cooperation in 2001. A twenty-year strategic treaty extended or another 5 years after its expiration in February 2022. China is the world's most populous country, with a population of more than 1.4 billion people, on the other hand Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering over 17,098,246 square kilometres.

Currently, China focuses on domestic weapon designs and manufacturing, while still importing certain military products from Russia, such as jet engines. In September 2018, Russia hosted the militaries of China and Mongolia as a part of the Vostok 2018 military exercise. Russia and China flew joint bomber patrols over the Pacific. China refused to condemn the Russian invasion of Ukraine. Following the implementation of international sanctions during the war, China provided economic relief to Russia.

China is a country located in Eastern Asia with an area of 9,596,961 km2 (land boundries: 22,457 km and costline 14,500 km). The capital of China is Beijing. The number of inhabitants is 1,444,390,177.

The People's Liberation Army is the military arm of the ruling Chinese Communist Party, which oversees the PLA through its Central Military Commission. The PLA is outfitted primarily with a wide mix of older and modern domestically-produced systems heavily influenced by technology derived from other countries. Russia is the main supplier military equipment outside the domestic industry.

More about China military

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Military expenditures

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Military budget: 494.4 billion $ 408 billion $
Percent of GDP: 0% 1.7%

Military budget

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Highest value in the world: 916 billion $ (USA)


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Active personnel: 3,035,000 2,035,000
Reserve personnel: 4,000,000 2,000,000
Available for military: 420,586,837 385,821,101


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Highest value in the world: 2,035,000 (China)

Land Forces

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Tanks: 18,017 5,750
Armoured fighting vehicles: 38,302 14,130
Total artillery: 25,360 7,094
Self-propelled artillery: 9,163 2,720
Rocket artillery: 7,471 3,140


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Highest value in the world: 12,267 (Russia)

Air Forces

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Total aircraft: 9,048 4,630
Fighter aircraft: 1,389 1,049
Multirole aircraft: 1,512 1,130
Attack aircraft: 809 120
Helicopters: 3,020 1,355
UCAV (combat drone): 251 151

Total aircraft

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Highest value in the world: 13,175 (USA)


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Total naval: 1,395 742
Aircraftcarriers: 5 4
Destroyers: 52 38
Frigates: 65 54
Corvettes: 153 73
Submarines: 140 74

Total naval

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Highest value in the world: 967 (North Korea)

Nuclear weapons

China and Russia

Data not available


The last of five nuclear-weapon states under the NPT, which at this moment possesses approximately 280 nuclear warheads in total. Nevertheless, the number of deployed bombs is unknown. The first test that occurred to be successful occurred in 1964. The main goal of Chinese was to build a deterrent against two major nuclear powers, namely The United States as well as The Soviet Union. The nation decided to choose dried lake for the nuclear site, Lop Nur. Although China developed and tested its first atomic device only in 1964, they managed to test their first hydrogen bomb only 32 months later. As a result, they can boast with the shortest period between developing fission and fusion technology.

China managed to conduct 45 tests of nuclear weapons. Still, the data regarding the stockpile of accumulated warheads is uncertain. The same thing concerns the number of deployed warheads. It is all due to the limited information that the country provides. We should also bear in mind that they are the only country out of five nuclear-weapon states under the NPT that does not give a positive security assurance.

Military service

China and Russia

Data not available


18-24 years of age for selective compulsory military service, with a 2-year service obligation; no minimum age for voluntary service (all officers are volunteers); 18-19 years of age for women high school graduates who meet requirements for specific military jobs; a recent military decision allows women in combat roles.