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Military power of China and Russia & Ukraine

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China and Russia vs Ukraine

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China and Russia Ukraine

A hypothetical military alliance between China and Russia. The two countries share a land border and they signed the Treaty of Good-Neighborliness and Friendly Cooperation in 2001. A twenty-year strategic treaty extended or another 5 years after its expiration in February 2022. China is the world's most populous country, with a population of more than 1.4 billion people, on the other hand Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering over 17,098,246 square kilometres.

Currently, China focuses on domestic weapon designs and manufacturing, while still importing certain military products from Russia, such as jet engines. In September 2018, Russia hosted the militaries of China and Mongolia as a part of the Vostok 2018 military exercise. Russia and China flew joint bomber patrols over the Pacific. China refused to condemn the Russian invasion of Ukraine. Following the implementation of international sanctions during the war, China provided economic relief to Russia.

Ukraine is a country located in Eastern Europe with an area of 603,500 km2 (land boundries: 5,581 km and costline 2,782 km). The capital of Ukraine is Kiev. The number of inhabitants is 41,487,960.

During the 2008 Bucharest summit, NATO declared that Ukraine would eventually become a member of NATO when it meets the criteria for accession. In February 2022, Russia launched a full-scale invasion of Ukraine. The Ukrainian military is equipped mostly with older Russian and Soviet-era weapons systems. Ukraine has a broad defense industry capable of building Soviet-era land systems and maintaining and upgrading Soviet-era combat aircraft, as well as missile and air defense systems.

More about Ukraine military

If you want to check the comparison in terms of economic ratios check out

Military expenditures

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Military budget: 494.4 billion $ 31 billion $
Percent of GDP: 0% 16%

Military budget

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Highest value in the world: 916 billion $ (USA)


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Active personnel: 3,035,000 1,250,000
Reserve personnel: 4,000,000 1,000,000
Available for military: 420,586,837 11,149,646


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Highest value in the world: 2,035,000 (China)

Land Forces

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Tanks: 18,017 1,462
Armoured fighting vehicles: 38,302 5,739
Total artillery: 25,360 3,636
Self-propelled artillery: 9,163 899
Rocket artillery: 7,471 693


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Highest value in the world: 12,267 (Russia)

Air Forces

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Total aircraft: 9,048 297
Fighter aircraft: 1,389 57
Multirole aircraft: 1,512 0
Attack aircraft: 809 27
Helicopters: 3,020 115
UCAV (combat drone): 251 12

Total aircraft

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Highest value in the world: 13,175 (USA)


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Total naval: 1,395 53
Aircraftcarriers: 5 0
Destroyers: 52 0
Frigates: 65 1
Corvettes: 153 0
Submarines: 140 0

Total naval

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Highest value in the world: 967 (North Korea)

Nuclear weapons

China and Russia

Data not available


Although Ukraine has never produced its own nuclear weapon to this day, we should bear in mind that back in the days, Ukraine possessed approximately 5,000 nuclear weapons. This is all due to the fact that before 1991, Ukraine was a part of the Soviet Union. However, as a consequence of its dissolution, all the countries that were satellites or were forcefully attached to Soviet Union, received number of warheads. They were once the property of the Soviet Union. Nevertheless, after Ukraine became independent, they received everything that was the part of the USSR, even nuclear warheads. As a result of that, Ukraine became the third largest holder of nuclear weapons in the world.

Ukraine decided to get rid of these weapons quite quickly. Three years later, in 1994 that is, they joined Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. In 1996, all the warheads were moved and disassembled in Russia.

Military service

China and Russia

Data not available


18-27 years of age for compulsory military service; conscript service obligation is 18 months