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Military power of China & France

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China vs France

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Country: China (CN) France (FR)
Capital: Beijing Paris
Population: 1 373 541 278 67 013 000
Area: 9 596 961 km2 640 679 km2
More: China military forces description France military forces description

Military expenditures

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Military budget: 228 billion $ 55,7 billion $
Percent of GDP: 1,9% 2,3%

Military budget

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(USA)

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(USA)

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Manpower

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Active personnel: 2 300 000 203 000
Reserve personnel: 8 000 000 68 000
Available for military: 385 821 101 14 563 662

Active

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(China)

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Land Forces

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Tanks: 7 760 406
Armoured fighting vehicles: 6 000 6 352
Total artillery: 9 726 448
Self-propelled artillery: 1 710 330
Rocket artillery: 1 770 13

Tanks

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Air Forces

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Total aircraft: 4 182 1 076
Fighter aircraft: 1 150 38
Multirole aircraf: 629 150
Attack aircraft: 270 89
Helicopters: 1 170 512

Total aircraft

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(USA)

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Navy

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Total naval: 780 109
Aircraftcarriers: 2 4
Destroyers: 36 10
Frigates: 54 11
Corvettes: 42 0
Submarines: 76 10

Total naval

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(China)

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Nuclear weapons

China

The last of five nuclear-weapon states under the NPT, which at this moment possesses approximately 280 nuclear warheads in total. Nevertheless, the number of deployed bombs is unknown. The first test that occurred to be successful occurred in 1964. The main goal of Chinese was to build a deterrent against two major nuclear powers, namely The United States as well as The Soviet Union. The nation decided to choose dried lake for the nuclear site, Lop Nur. Although China developed and tested its first atomic device only in 1964, they managed to test their first hydrogen bomb only 32 months later. As a result, they can boast with the shortest period between developing fission and fusion technology.

China managed to conduct 45 tests of nuclear weapons. Still, the data regarding the stockpile of accumulated warheads is uncertain. The same thing concerns the number of deployed warheads. It is all due to the limited information that the country provides. We should also bear in mind that they are the only country out of five nuclear-weapon states under the NPT that does not give a positive security assurance.

France

France managed to research and develop its own nuclear weapon in 1960. The test, known as, Gerboise Bleue, was the result of mostly French research. One of the main figures that played crucial role in the entire process of developing the bomb was General Pierre Marie Gallois. He was concerned that the Suez Crisis, which started in 1956, would show the world how insignificant France became, since out of all Great Powers in the world, they were the only one without possessing its own nuclear arsenal. The tests were conducted on the terrains of Sahara Desert.

At this moment France owns 300 nuclear warheads, out of which almost all are deployed. What is more, compared to Great Britain, they made more tests, approximately 210. Noteworthy is the fact that the development of the first nuclear bomb in France as well as its tests were a bit controversial. It was due to the fact that France allowed Israeli observers to attend the tests, providing them with almost unrestricted access to all the data. It was quite important, since Israel, together with United Kingdom and France, were trying to invade Egypt.

Military service

China

18-24 years of age for selective compulsory military service, with a 2-year service obligation; no minimum age for voluntary service (all officers are volunteers); 18-19 years of age for women high school graduates who meet requirements for specific military jobs; a recent military decision allows women in combat roles.

France

18-25 years of age for male and female voluntary military service; no conscription; 1-year service obligation; women serve in noncombat post.