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Military power of China & India

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China vs India

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China India
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Country: China (CN) India (IN)
Capital: Beijing New Delhi
Population: 1 373 541 278 1 276 267 000
Area: 9 596 961 km2 3 287 590 km2
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Military expenditures

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Military budget: 228 billion $ 55,9 billion $
Percent of GDP: 1,9% 2,5%

Military budget

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(USA)

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(USA)

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Manpower

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Active personnel: 2 300 000 2 140 000
Reserve personnel: 8 000 000 1 155 000
Available for military: 385 821 101 319 129 420

Active

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(China)

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(China)

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Land Forces

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Tanks: 7 760 4 426
Armoured fighting vehicles: 6 000 5 681
Total artillery: 9 726 5 067
Self-propelled artillery: 1 710 290
Rocket artillery: 1 770 292

Tanks

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Air Forces

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Total aircraft: 4 182 2 216
Fighter aircraft: 1 150 323
Multirole aircraf: 629 329
Attack aircraft: 270 220
Helicopters: 1 170 725

Total aircraft

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(USA)

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Navy

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Total naval: 780 214
Aircraftcarriers: 2 2
Destroyers: 36 11
Frigates: 54 15
Corvettes: 42 24
Submarines: 76 15

Total naval

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(China)

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Nuclear weapons

China

The last of five nuclear-weapon states under the NPT, which at this moment possesses approximately 280 nuclear warheads in total. Nevertheless, the number of deployed bombs is unknown. The first test that occurred to be successful occurred in 1964. The main goal of Chinese was to build a deterrent against two major nuclear powers, namely The United States as well as The Soviet Union. The nation decided to choose dried lake for the nuclear site, Lop Nur. Although China developed and tested its first atomic device only in 1964, they managed to test their first hydrogen bomb only 32 months later. As a result, they can boast with the shortest period between developing fission and fusion technology.

China managed to conduct 45 tests of nuclear weapons. Still, the data regarding the stockpile of accumulated warheads is uncertain. The same thing concerns the number of deployed warheads. It is all due to the limited information that the country provides. We should also bear in mind that they are the only country out of five nuclear-weapon states under the NPT that does not give a positive security assurance.

India

Does not have nuclear weapons.

Military service

China

18-24 years of age for selective compulsory military service, with a 2-year service obligation; no minimum age for voluntary service (all officers are volunteers); 18-19 years of age for women high school graduates who meet requirements for specific military jobs; a recent military decision allows women in combat roles.

India

16-18 years of age for voluntary military service (Army 17 1/2, Air Force 17, Navy 16 1/2); no conscription; women may join as officers, but for noncombat roles only.