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Military power of China & India

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China vs India

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China India
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Country: China (CN) India (IN)
Capital: Beijing New Delhi
Population: 1,444,390,177 1,352,642,280
Area: 9,596,961 km2 3,287,590 km2
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Economy Comparison:

Military expenditures

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Military budget: 252 billion $ 67 billion $
Percent of GDP: 1.7% 2.4%

Military budget

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(USA)

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Manpower

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Active personnel: 2,185,000 1,455,550
Reserve personnel: 8,000,000 1,155,000
Available for military: 385,821,101 319,129,420

Active

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(China)

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Land Forces

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Tanks: 5,750 4,614
Armoured fighting vehicles: 14,130 8,600
Total artillery: 7,094 2,799
Self-propelled artillery: 2,720 100
Rocket artillery: 3,140 960

Tanks

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Air Forces

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Total aircraft: 4,630 2,263
Fighter aircraft: 1,049 173
Multirole aircraf: 1,130 405
Attack aircraft: 120 120
Helicopters: 1,355 729
UCAV (combat drone): 151 12

Total aircraft

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(USA)

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Navy

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Total naval: 742 267
Aircraftcarriers: 4 1
Destroyers: 38 11
Frigates: 54 13
Corvettes: 73 23
Submarines: 74 16

Total naval

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(China)

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Nuclear weapons

China

The last of five nuclear-weapon states under the NPT, which at this moment possesses approximately 280 nuclear warheads in total. Nevertheless, the number of deployed bombs is unknown. The first test that occurred to be successful occurred in 1964. The main goal of Chinese was to build a deterrent against two major nuclear powers, namely The United States as well as The Soviet Union. The nation decided to choose dried lake for the nuclear site, Lop Nur. Although China developed and tested its first atomic device only in 1964, they managed to test their first hydrogen bomb only 32 months later. As a result, they can boast with the shortest period between developing fission and fusion technology.

China managed to conduct 45 tests of nuclear weapons. Still, the data regarding the stockpile of accumulated warheads is uncertain. The same thing concerns the number of deployed warheads. It is all due to the limited information that the country provides. We should also bear in mind that they are the only country out of five nuclear-weapon states under the NPT that does not give a positive security assurance.

India

India is not a party to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. India maintains a "no first use" nuclear policy

India has not released any official statements about the size of its nuclear arsenal. As of January 2020, India was estimated to have around 150 warheads.

Military service

China

18-24 years of age for selective compulsory military service, with a 2-year service obligation; no minimum age for voluntary service (all officers are volunteers); 18-19 years of age for women high school graduates who meet requirements for specific military jobs; a recent military decision allows women in combat roles.

India

16-18 years of age for voluntary military service (Army 17 1/2, Air Force 17, Navy 16 1/2); no conscription; women may join as officers, but for noncombat roles only.