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Military power of China & Japan

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China vs Japan

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China Japan
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Country: China (CN) Japan (JP)
Capital: Beijing Tokyo
Population: 1 373 541 278 126 880 000
Area: 9 596 961 km2 377 944 km2
More: China military forces description Japan military forces description

Military expenditures

small flag CN CN small flag JP JP
Military budget: 228 billion $ 46,1 billion $
Percent of GDP: 1,9% 1%

Military budget

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Manpower

small flag CN CN small flag JP JP
Active personnel: 2 300 000 247 150
Reserve personnel: 8 000 000 56 100
Available for military: 385 821 101 27 301 443

Active

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Land Forces

small flag CN CN small flag JP JP
Tanks: 7 760 686
Armoured fighting vehicles: 6 000 2 905
Total artillery: 9 726 1 179
Self-propelled artillery: 1 710 226
Rocket artillery: 1 770 99

Tanks

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Air Forces

small flag CN CN small flag JP JP
Total aircraft: 4 182 1 654
Fighter aircraft: 1 150 154
Multirole aircraf: 629 134
Attack aircraft: 270 0
Helicopters: 1 170 719

Total aircraft

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Navy

small flag CN CN small flag JP JP
Total naval: 780 129
Aircraftcarriers: 2 4
Destroyers: 36 38
Frigates: 54 0
Corvettes: 42 6
Submarines: 76 17

Total naval

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Nuclear weapons

China

The last of five nuclear-weapon states under the NPT, which at this moment possesses approximately 280 nuclear warheads in total. Nevertheless, the number of deployed bombs is unknown. The first test that occurred to be successful occurred in 1964. The main goal of Chinese was to build a deterrent against two major nuclear powers, namely The United States as well as The Soviet Union. The nation decided to choose dried lake for the nuclear site, Lop Nur. Although China developed and tested its first atomic device only in 1964, they managed to test their first hydrogen bomb only 32 months later. As a result, they can boast with the shortest period between developing fission and fusion technology.

China managed to conduct 45 tests of nuclear weapons. Still, the data regarding the stockpile of accumulated warheads is uncertain. The same thing concerns the number of deployed warheads. It is all due to the limited information that the country provides. We should also bear in mind that they are the only country out of five nuclear-weapon states under the NPT that does not give a positive security assurance.

Japan

Does not have nuclear weapons.

Military service

China

18-24 years of age for selective compulsory military service, with a 2-year service obligation; no minimum age for voluntary service (all officers are volunteers); 18-19 years of age for women high school graduates who meet requirements for specific military jobs; a recent military decision allows women in combat roles.

Japan

18 years of age for voluntary military service; no conscription; mandatory retirement at age 53 for senior enlisted personnel and at 62 years for senior service officers.