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Military power of China & Nordic Defence Cooperation

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China vs Nordic Defence Cooperation

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China Nordic Defence Cooperation

China is a country located in Eastern Asia with an area of 9,596,961 km2 (land boundries: 22,457 km and costline 14,500 km). The capital of China is Beijing. The number of inhabitants is 1,444,390,177.

The People's Liberation Army is the military arm of the ruling Chinese Communist Party, which oversees the PLA through its Central Military Commission. The PLA is outfitted primarily with a wide mix of older and modern domestically-produced systems heavily influenced by technology derived from other countries. Russia is the main supplier military equipment outside the domestic industry.

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The Nordic Defence Cooperation (Nordefco) is a collaboration among the Nordic countries in the area of defense. Its five members are Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden. The organization was established on November 4, 2009 in Helsinki. The leadership of the organization is rotational.

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Military expenditures

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Military budget: 252 billion $ 20.2 billion $
Percent of GDP: 1.7% 0%

Military budget

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Highest value in the world: 738 billion $ (USA)
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Manpower

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Active personnel: 2,185,000 76,500
Reserve personnel: 8,000,000 980,500
Available for military: 385,821,101 4,299,331

Active

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Highest value in the world: 2,185,000 (China)
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Land Forces

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Tanks: 5,750 371
Armoured fighting vehicles: 14,130 5,108
Total artillery: 7,094 1,220
Self-propelled artillery: 2,720 203
Rocket artillery: 3,140 65

Tanks

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Highest value in the world: 12,270 (Russia)
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Air Forces

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Total aircraft: 4,630 552
Fighter aircraft: 1,049 0
Multirole aircraf: 1,130 178
Attack aircraft: 120 0
Helicopters: 1,355 118
UCAV (combat drone): 151 0

Total aircraft

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Highest value in the world: 12,930 (USA)
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Navy

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Total naval: 742 318
Aircraftcarriers: 4 0
Destroyers: 38 0
Frigates: 54 4
Corvettes: 73 15
Submarines: 74 11

Total naval

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Highest value in the world: 742 (China)
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Nuclear weapons

China

The last of five nuclear-weapon states under the NPT, which at this moment possesses approximately 280 nuclear warheads in total. Nevertheless, the number of deployed bombs is unknown. The first test that occurred to be successful occurred in 1964. The main goal of Chinese was to build a deterrent against two major nuclear powers, namely The United States as well as The Soviet Union. The nation decided to choose dried lake for the nuclear site, Lop Nur. Although China developed and tested its first atomic device only in 1964, they managed to test their first hydrogen bomb only 32 months later. As a result, they can boast with the shortest period between developing fission and fusion technology.

China managed to conduct 45 tests of nuclear weapons. Still, the data regarding the stockpile of accumulated warheads is uncertain. The same thing concerns the number of deployed warheads. It is all due to the limited information that the country provides. We should also bear in mind that they are the only country out of five nuclear-weapon states under the NPT that does not give a positive security assurance.

Nordic Defence Cooperation

Data not available

Military service

China

18-24 years of age for selective compulsory military service, with a 2-year service obligation; no minimum age for voluntary service (all officers are volunteers); 18-19 years of age for women high school graduates who meet requirements for specific military jobs; a recent military decision allows women in combat roles.

Nordic Defence Cooperation

Data not available