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Military power of China & North Korea

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China vs North Korea

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Country: China (CN) North Korea (KP)
Capital: Beijing Pyongyang
Population: 1 373 541 278 24 895 000
Area: 9 596 961 km2 120 540 km2
More: China military forces description North Korea military forces description

Military expenditures

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Military budget: 228 billion $ 15 billion $
Percent of GDP: 1,9% 20,8%

Military budget

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(USA)

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(USA)

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Manpower

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Active personnel: 2 300 000 1 190 000
Reserve personnel: 8 000 000 600 000
Available for military: 385 821 101 6 515 279

Active

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(China)

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(China)

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Land Forces

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Tanks: 7 760 6 000
Armoured fighting vehicles: 6 000 4 000
Total artillery: 9 726 13 000
Self-propelled artillery: 1 710 4 500
Rocket artillery: 1 770 5 000

Tanks

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Air Forces

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Total aircraft: 4 182 906
Fighter aircraft: 1 150 349
Multirole aircraf: 629 35
Attack aircraft: 270 154
Helicopters: 1 170 202

Total aircraft

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(USA)

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(USA)

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Navy

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Total naval: 780 525
Aircraftcarriers: 2 0
Destroyers: 36 0
Frigates: 54 6
Corvettes: 42 6
Submarines: 76 75

Total naval

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(China)

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Nuclear weapons

China

The last of five nuclear-weapon states under the NPT, which at this moment possesses approximately 280 nuclear warheads in total. Nevertheless, the number of deployed bombs is unknown. The first test that occurred to be successful occurred in 1964. The main goal of Chinese was to build a deterrent against two major nuclear powers, namely The United States as well as The Soviet Union. The nation decided to choose dried lake for the nuclear site, Lop Nur. Although China developed and tested its first atomic device only in 1964, they managed to test their first hydrogen bomb only 32 months later. As a result, they can boast with the shortest period between developing fission and fusion technology.

China managed to conduct 45 tests of nuclear weapons. Still, the data regarding the stockpile of accumulated warheads is uncertain. The same thing concerns the number of deployed warheads. It is all due to the limited information that the country provides. We should also bear in mind that they are the only country out of five nuclear-weapon states under the NPT that does not give a positive security assurance.

North Korea

Although at the beginning North Korea joined the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, they withdrew from it on January 2003. It was a consequence of the United States accusation. The USA government claimed that North Korea was unofficially funding a program of uranium enrichment. Because of that, they cancelled the 1994 Agreed Framework treaty and cut off the energy assistance. Two years after withdrawing, the officials from North Korea claimed that they own operational nuclear arsenal. In spite of North Koreans assurances, the United States did not believe that North Korea really posses such weapons. As a result, the government of North Korea decided to conduct tests.

There were three tests that North Korea initially conducted. The first one, with the yield of less than a kiloton, took place in 2006. However, to show that this was in fact a nuclear detonation, North Koreans conducted second and third tests, respectable in 2009 and 2013. The maximum power of the blast of the aforementioned tests can be estimated to be up to 40 kilotons. However, a lot of sources claim that yield did not surpass 10-15 kilotons. Noteworthy is also the fact that in 2016, North Korea announced that they have conducted their first hydrogen-bomb test.

Military service

China

18-24 years of age for selective compulsory military service, with a 2-year service obligation; no minimum age for voluntary service (all officers are volunteers); 18-19 years of age for women high school graduates who meet requirements for specific military jobs; a recent military decision allows women in combat roles.

North Korea

18 is presumed to be the legal minimum age for compulsory military service; 16-17 is the presumed legal minimum age for voluntary service.