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Military power of China & South Korea

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China vs South Korea

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China South Korea
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Country: China (CN) South Korea (KR)
Capital: Beijing Seoul
Population: 1 373 541 278 51 446 201
Area: 9 596 961 km2 100 210 km2
More: China military forces description South Korea military forces description

Military expenditures

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Military budget: 228 billion $ 36,8 billion $
Percent of GDP: 1,9% 2,7%

Military budget

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Manpower

small flag CN CN small flag KR KR
Active personnel: 2 300 000 625 000
Reserve personnel: 8 000 000 3 100 000
Available for military: 385 821 101 13 185 794

Active

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Land Forces

small flag CN CN small flag KR KR
Tanks: 7 760 2 446
Armoured fighting vehicles: 6 000 3 290
Total artillery: 9 726 5 958
Self-propelled artillery: 1 710 1 890
Rocket artillery: 1 770 214

Tanks

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Air Forces

small flag CN CN small flag KR KR
Total aircraft: 4 182 1 526
Fighter aircraft: 1 150 151
Multirole aircraf: 629 265
Attack aircraft: 270 0
Helicopters: 1 170 786

Total aircraft

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Navy

small flag CN CN small flag KR KR
Total naval: 780 151
Aircraftcarriers: 2 1
Destroyers: 36 12
Frigates: 54 13
Corvettes: 42 16
Submarines: 76 15

Total naval

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Nuclear weapons

China

The last of five nuclear-weapon states under the NPT, which at this moment possesses approximately 280 nuclear warheads in total. Nevertheless, the number of deployed bombs is unknown. The first test that occurred to be successful occurred in 1964. The main goal of Chinese was to build a deterrent against two major nuclear powers, namely The United States as well as The Soviet Union. The nation decided to choose dried lake for the nuclear site, Lop Nur. Although China developed and tested its first atomic device only in 1964, they managed to test their first hydrogen bomb only 32 months later. As a result, they can boast with the shortest period between developing fission and fusion technology.

China managed to conduct 45 tests of nuclear weapons. Still, the data regarding the stockpile of accumulated warheads is uncertain. The same thing concerns the number of deployed warheads. It is all due to the limited information that the country provides. We should also bear in mind that they are the only country out of five nuclear-weapon states under the NPT that does not give a positive security assurance.

South Korea

Does not have nuclear weapons.

Military service

China

18-24 years of age for selective compulsory military service, with a 2-year service obligation; no minimum age for voluntary service (all officers are volunteers); 18-19 years of age for women high school graduates who meet requirements for specific military jobs; a recent military decision allows women in combat roles.

South Korea

20-30 years of age for compulsory military service, with middle school education required; minimum conscript service obligation - 21 months (Army, Marines), 23 months (Navy), 24 months (Air Force); 18-26 years of age for voluntary military service; women, in service since 1950, admitted to 7 service branches, including infantry, but excluded from artillery, armor, anti-air, and chaplaincy corps; HIV-positive individuals are exempt from military service.