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Military power of European Union EU & China

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European Union EU vs China

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European Union EU China

The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union countries that are located in Europe with an area of 4,233,255 km2 The capital of Ukraine is Brussels. The number of inhabitants estimated is about 447 million. Members of EU: Germany, Latvia, France, Lithuania, Estonia, Portugal, Belgium, Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, Sweden, Cyprus, Czechia, Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Hungary, Greece, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia and Spain.

The European Union were not devised as a military alliance because most of the members are in the North Atlantic Alliance. Since the withdrawal of the UK, France is the only member recognised as a nuclear weapon state. Italy, Germany, the Netherlands and Belgium participate in NATO nuclear sharing.

China is a country located in Eastern Asia with an area of 9,596,961 km2 (land boundries: 22,457 km and costline 14,500 km). The capital of China is Beijing. The number of inhabitants is 1,444,390,177.

The People's Liberation Army is the military arm of the ruling Chinese Communist Party, which oversees the PLA through its Central Military Commission. The PLA is outfitted primarily with a wide mix of older and modern domestically-produced systems heavily influenced by technology derived from other countries. Russia is the main supplier military equipment outside the domestic industry.

More about China military

If you want to check the comparison in terms of economic ratios check out

Military expenditures

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Military budget: 245.11 billion $ 293 billion $
Percent of GDP: 0% 1.7%

Military budget

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Highest value in the world: 816 billion $ (USA)


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Active personnel: 1,166,519 2,035,000
Reserve personnel: 1,801,532 2,000,000
Available for military: 92,594,951 385,821,101


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Highest value in the world: 2,035,000 (China)

Land Forces

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Tanks: 4,253 5,750
Armoured fighting vehicles: 29,418 14,130
Total artillery: 6,065 7,094
Self-propelled artillery: 1,872 2,720
Rocket artillery: 667 3,140


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Highest value in the world: 12,267 (Russia)

Air Forces

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Total aircraft: 5,420 4,630
Fighter aircraft: 453 1,049
Multirole aircraft: 874 1,130
Attack aircraft: 162 120
Helicopters: 2,454 1,355
UCAV (combat drone): 41 151

Total aircraft

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Highest value in the world: 12,930 (USA)


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Total naval: 1,306 742
Aircraftcarriers: 7 4
Destroyers: 19 38
Frigates: 69 54
Corvettes: 23 73
Submarines: 48 74

Total naval

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Highest value in the world: 967 (North Korea)

Nuclear weapons

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Data not available


The last of five nuclear-weapon states under the NPT, which at this moment possesses approximately 280 nuclear warheads in total. Nevertheless, the number of deployed bombs is unknown. The first test that occurred to be successful occurred in 1964. The main goal of Chinese was to build a deterrent against two major nuclear powers, namely The United States as well as The Soviet Union. The nation decided to choose dried lake for the nuclear site, Lop Nur. Although China developed and tested its first atomic device only in 1964, they managed to test their first hydrogen bomb only 32 months later. As a result, they can boast with the shortest period between developing fission and fusion technology.

China managed to conduct 45 tests of nuclear weapons. Still, the data regarding the stockpile of accumulated warheads is uncertain. The same thing concerns the number of deployed warheads. It is all due to the limited information that the country provides. We should also bear in mind that they are the only country out of five nuclear-weapon states under the NPT that does not give a positive security assurance.

Military service

European Union EU

Data not available


18-24 years of age for selective compulsory military service, with a 2-year service obligation; no minimum age for voluntary service (all officers are volunteers); 18-19 years of age for women high school graduates who meet requirements for specific military jobs; a recent military decision allows women in combat roles.