Compare armed forces

Alliance builder

Military power of European Union EU & NATO

European Union EU flag svg NATO flag svg

European Union EU vs NATO

Show map
European Union EU NATO

The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union countries that are located in Europe with an area of 4,233,255 km2 The capital of Ukraine is Brussels. The number of inhabitants estimated is about 447 million. Members of EU: Germany, Latvia, France, Lithuania, Estonia, Portugal, Belgium, Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, Sweden, Cyprus, Czechia, Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Hungary, Greece, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia and Spain.

The European Union were not devised as a military alliance because most of the members are in the North Atlantic Alliance. Since the withdrawal of the UK, France is the only member recognised as a nuclear weapon state. Italy, Germany, the Netherlands and Belgium participate in NATO nuclear sharing.

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (North Atlantic Alliance) is an intergovernmental military alliance which was signed in Washington on 4 April 1949. NATO is a system of collective security: its independent member states agree to defend each other against attacks by others countries. NATO's main headquarters are located in Brussels. The following twelve states signed the treaty and became the founding members: Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, United Kingdom and United States. The following states joined the treaty after 1949: Greece, Germany, Turkey and Spain. Members who joined after the dissolution of the Soviet Union: Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Albania, Croatia, Montenegro and North Macedonia.

Before and during the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine, several NATO countries sent army to reinforce the alliance's eastern flank. Alliance had deployed 40,000 troops along its 2,500 kilometres long Eastern flank to deter possible Russian aggression. On 5 July the North Atlantic Alliance members signed off on the accession protocols for Sweden and Finland and formally approved the decisions of the NATO summit.

If you want to check the comparison in terms of economic ratios check out CompareEconomy.com

Military expenditures

small flag EU EU small flag NATO NATO
Military budget: 245.11 billion $ 1154.41 billion $
Percent of GDP: 0% 0%

Military budget

small flag EU small flag NATO
Highest value in the world: 816 billion $ (USA)
More

Manpower

small flag EU EU small flag NATO NATO
Active personnel: 1,166,519 3,119,089
Reserve personnel: 1,801,532 1,848,132
Available for military: 92,594,951 205,748,175

Active

small flag EU small flag NATO
Highest value in the world: 2,035,000 (China)
More

Land Forces

small flag EU EU small flag NATO NATO
Tanks: 4,253 13,886
Armoured fighting vehicles: 29,418 84,689
Total artillery: 6,065 12,176
Self-propelled artillery: 1,872 4,262
Rocket artillery: 667 2,423

Tanks

tank svg
small flag small flag
Highest value in the world: 12,267 (Russia)
More

Air Forces

small flag EU EU small flag NATO NATO
Total aircraft: 5,420 20,946
Fighter aircraft: 453 1,104
Multirole aircraft: 874 3,531
Attack aircraft: 162 728
Helicopters: 2,454 8,266
UCAV (combat drone): 41 556

Total aircraft

airplane svg
small flag small flag
Highest value in the world: 12,930 (USA)
More

Navy

small flag EU EU small flag NATO NATO
Total naval: 1,306 1,746
Aircraftcarriers: 7 28
Destroyers: 19 119
Frigates: 69 113
Corvettes: 23 52
Submarines: 48 144

Total naval

ship svg
small flag small flag
Highest value in the world: 967 (North Korea)
More

Nuclear weapons

European Union EU

Data not available

NATO

Data not available

Military service

European Union EU

Data not available

NATO

Data not available