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Military power of France & USA

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France vs USA

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Country: France (FR) USA (US)
Capital: Paris Washington
Population: 67 013 000 324 527 000
Area: 640 679 km2 9 857 306 km2
More: France military forces description USA military forces description

Military expenditures

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Military budget: 55,7 billion $ 610 billion $
Percent of GDP: 2,3% 3,1%

Military budget

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Manpower

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Active personnel: 203 000 1 281 900
Reserve personnel: 68 000 811 000
Available for military: 14 563 662 73 270 043

Active

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Land Forces

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Tanks: 406 6 393
Armoured fighting vehicles: 6 352 41 760
Total artillery: 448 3 269
Self-propelled artillery: 330 950
Rocket artillery: 13 1 197

Tanks

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Air Forces

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Total aircraft: 1 076 12 304
Fighter aircraft: 38 457
Multirole aircraf: 150 2 192
Attack aircraft: 89 587
Helicopters: 512 4 889

Total aircraft

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Navy

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Total naval: 109 437
Aircraftcarriers: 4 20
Destroyers: 10 85
Frigates: 11 0
Corvettes: 0 0
Submarines: 10 71

Total naval

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Nuclear weapons

France

France managed to research and develop its own nuclear weapon in 1960. The test, known as, Gerboise Bleue, was the result of mostly French research. One of the main figures that played crucial role in the entire process of developing the bomb was General Pierre Marie Gallois. He was concerned that the Suez Crisis, which started in 1956, would show the world how insignificant France became, since out of all Great Powers in the world, they were the only one without possessing its own nuclear arsenal. The tests were conducted on the terrains of Sahara Desert.

At this moment France owns 300 nuclear warheads, out of which almost all are deployed. What is more, compared to Great Britain, they made more tests, approximately 210. Noteworthy is the fact that the development of the first nuclear bomb in France as well as its tests were a bit controversial. It was due to the fact that France allowed Israeli observers to attend the tests, providing them with almost unrestricted access to all the data. It was quite important, since Israel, together with United Kingdom and France, were trying to invade Egypt.

USA

The first country to develop and to military use nuclear warheads in the world. Everything started from the Manhattan project, a research that had one particular goal in focus – to develop and produce the first nuclear weapon. Americans were the first to wield such powerful weapon. Everything started in 1941, which is date of the beginning of Manhattan project. Since the end of the Second World War, United States became the leading country when it comes to possessing nuclear warheads and it lasted approximately to 1980s. We should also bear in mind that United States are also the only nation that ever used nuclear weapon in military conflict.

In 1960, the amount of warheads stored by Americans exceeded 30,000. However, it is worth to note that throughout the entire period of the so-called Cold War, USA managed to build approximately 70,000 nuclear warheads, what is more than all other countries with access to nuclear weapons combined. From the first test that happened in 1945 to this day, the USA conducted 1054 tests of atomic bombs. Still, as a result of introduced restrictions on the amount of warheads one state can possess, the current number has dropped to 6500 warheads. Noteworthy is also the fact that out of this number, United States deployed only 1600.

Military service

France

18-25 years of age for male and female voluntary military service; no conscription; 1-year service obligation; women serve in noncombat post.

USA

18 years of age (17 years of age with parental consent) for male and female voluntary service; no conscription; maximum enlistment age 42 (Army), 27 (Air Force), 34 (Navy), 28 (Marines); service obligation 8 years, including 2-5 years active duty (Army), 2 years active (Navy), 4 years active (Air Force, Marines); DoD is eliminating prohibitions restricting women from assignments in units smaller than brigades or near combat units.