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Military power of India & United Kingdom

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India vs United Kingdom

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India United Kingdom

India is a country located in Southern Asia with an area of 3,287,590 km2 (land boundries: 13,888 km and costline 7,000 km). The capital of India is New Delhi. The number of inhabitants is 1,352,642,280.

The Indian Armed Forces were chiefly focused on China and Pakistan. India and Pakistan have fought several conflicts since 1947. The Sino-Indian War between China and India occurred in October–November 1962. A disputed Himalayan border was the main cause of the war. The inventory of the Indian Armed Forces consists mostly of Russian- and Soviet-origin equipment along with a smaller mix of Western and domestically-produced arms. Russia has been the leading supplier of arms to India. France, Israel, and the US also among the major arms suppliers. India's defense industry is capable of producing a range of weapons systems for indigenous use and export.

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United Kingdom is a country located in Western Europe with an area of 242,495 km2 (land boundries: 499 km and costline 12,429 km). The capital of United Kingdom is London. The number of inhabitants is 67,886,004.

the UK is a member of NATO and was one of the original 12 countries to sign the North Atlantic Treaty in 1949. The UK is also a member of the Five Powers Defense Arrangements reached in 1971 embracing also Australia, Malaysia, New Zealand, Singapore. The inventory of the British military is comprised of a mix of domestically-produced and imported Western weapons systems. The Uunited States is the leading supplier of armaments. United Kingdom defense industry is capable of producing a wide variety of weapons systems and is one of the world's top weapons suppliers.

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If you want to check the comparison in terms of economic ratios check out CompareEconomy.com

Military expenditures

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Military budget: 67 billion $ 59.2 billion $
Percent of GDP: 2.4% 2.2%

Military budget

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Highest value in the world: 738 billion $ (USA)
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Manpower

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Active personnel: 1,455,550 196,140
Reserve personnel: 1,155,000 45,000
Available for military: 319,129,420 14,856,917

Active

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Highest value in the world: 2,185,000 (China)
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Land Forces

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Tanks: 4,614 286
Armoured fighting vehicles: 8,600 4,644
Total artillery: 2,799 259
Self-propelled artillery: 100 89
Rocket artillery: 960 44

Tanks

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Highest value in the world: 12,270 (Russia)
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Air Forces

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Total aircraft: 2,263 996
Fighter aircraft: 173 157
Multirole aircraf: 405 21
Attack aircraft: 120 0
Helicopters: 729 359
UCAV (combat drone): 12 9

Total aircraft

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Highest value in the world: 12,930 (USA)
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Navy

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Total naval: 267 74
Aircraftcarriers: 1 1
Destroyers: 11 6
Frigates: 13 12
Corvettes: 23 0
Submarines: 16 10

Total naval

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Highest value in the world: 742 (China)
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Nuclear weapons

India

India is not a party to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. India maintains a "no first use" nuclear policy

India has not released any official statements about the size of its nuclear arsenal. As of January 2020, India was estimated to have around 150 warheads.

United Kingdom

Third out of fifth nuclear-weapon states that are under the NPT, the treaty of the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. The first successful test in the nuclear history of Great Britain occurred in October 1952, three years after Russia’s first successful attempt. “Hurricane”, which was the codename for the test assumed the use of 3 megaton bomb, which was dropped in Australia. The UK itself did not have many tests after that. Comparing to a thousand and hundreds of tests by Americans and Russians, the Brits made only 45 tests of nuclear arsenal.

We should remember about the fact that United Kingdom was in a strict cooperation with United States at the very beginning. It means that we cannot forget about the tremendous help the Americans received from the British government and men of science while developing their first nuclear bomb. Unfortunately, all the data that USA could not be sent back to the UK, since the cooperation has ended prematurely. This was one of the reasons why UK developed their first nuclear weapon so late. At this moment, they possess 215 warheads in total, out of which 120 is deployed and completely operational.

Military service

India

16-18 years of age for voluntary military service (Army 17 1/2, Air Force 17, Navy 16 1/2); no conscription; women may join as officers, but for noncombat roles only.

United Kingdom

16-33 years of age (officers 17-28) for voluntary military service (with parental consent under 18); no conscription; women serve in military services, but are excluded from ground combat positions and some naval postings; must be citizen of the UK, Commonwealth, or Republic of Ireland; reservists serve a minimum of 3 years, to age 45 or 55; 17 years 6 months of age for voluntary military service by Nepalese citizens in the Brigade of Gurkhas; 16-34 years of age for voluntary military service by Papua New Guinean citizens.