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Military power of North Korea & Japan

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North Korea vs Japan

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North Korea Japan

North Korea is a country located in Eastern Asia with an area of 120,540 km2 (land boundries: 1,607 km and costline 2,495 km). The capital of North Korea is Pyongyang. The number of inhabitants is 25,549,604.

The KPA is equipped with older weapon systems originally acquired from the former Soviet Union, Russia, and China, as well as some domestically-produced equipment. The North Korea produces a diverse array of military hardware like light armored vehicles, tanks, naval vessels and submarines, and advanced weapons systems, such as ballistic missiles. North Korea developing also nuclear weapons.

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Japan is a country located in Eastern Asia with an area of 377,944 km2 (land boundries: 0 km and costline 29,751 km). The capital of Japan is Tokyo. The number of inhabitants is 125,360,000.

The current Self Defense Force was founded in 1954. Japan has Major Non-NATO Ally (MNNA) status with the USA. Approximately 55,000 US troops and other military assets, including aircraft and naval ships, were stationed in Japan and had exclusive use of more than 80 bases and facilities. In exchange for their use, the US guarantees Japan’s security. The JSDF is equipped with a mix of imported and domestically-produced equipment. The majority of its weapons imports are from the US and some domestically-produced weapons are US-origin and manufactured under license.

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If you want to check the comparison in terms of economic ratios check out CompareEconomy.com

Military expenditures

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Military budget: 1.3 billion $ 50.3 billion $
Percent of GDP: 4.9% 1%

Military budget

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Highest value in the world: 738 billion $ (USA)
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Manpower

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Active personnel: 1,280,000 247,150
Reserve personnel: 600,000 56,100
Available for military: 6,515,279 27,301,443

Active

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Highest value in the world: 2,185,000 (China)
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Land Forces

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Tanks: 6,000 1,004
Armoured fighting vehicles: 4,000 3,072
Total artillery: 13,000 623
Self-propelled artillery: 4,500 214
Rocket artillery: 4,000 99

Tanks

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Highest value in the world: 12,267 (Russia)
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Air Forces

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Total aircraft: 960 1,444
Fighter aircraft: 349 155
Multirole aircraft: 35 79
Attack aircraft: 188 0
Helicopters: 202 698
UCAV (combat drone): 0 0

Total aircraft

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Highest value in the world: 12,930 (USA)
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Navy

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Total naval: 967 140
Aircraftcarriers: 0 4
Destroyers: 0 36
Frigates: 2 2
Corvettes: 8 6
Submarines: 72 22

Total naval

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Highest value in the world: 967 (North Korea)
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Nuclear weapons

North Korea

Although at the beginning North Korea joined the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, they withdrew from it on January 2003. It was a consequence of the United States accusation. The USA government claimed that North Korea was unofficially funding a program of uranium enrichment. Because of that, they cancelled the 1994 Agreed Framework treaty and cut off the energy assistance. Two years after withdrawing, the officials from North Korea claimed that they own operational nuclear arsenal. In spite of North Koreans assurances, the United States did not believe that North Korea really posses such weapons. As a result, the government of North Korea decided to conduct tests.

There were three tests that North Korea initially conducted. The first one, with the yield of less than a kiloton, took place in 2006. However, to show that this was in fact a nuclear detonation, North Koreans conducted second and third tests, respectable in 2009 and 2013. The maximum power of the blast of the aforementioned tests can be estimated to be up to 40 kilotons. However, a lot of sources claim that yield did not surpass 10-15 kilotons. Noteworthy is also the fact that in 2016, North Korea announced that they have conducted their first hydrogen-bomb test.

Japan

Does not have nuclear weapons.

Military service

North Korea

18 is presumed to be the legal minimum age for compulsory military service; 16-17 is the presumed legal minimum age for voluntary service.

Japan

18 years of age for voluntary military service; no conscription; mandatory retirement at age 53 for senior enlisted personnel and at 62 years for senior service officers.