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Military power of Pakistan & China

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Pakistan vs China

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Pakistan China
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Country: Pakistan (PK) China (CN)
Capital: Islamabad Beijing
Population: 199 085 847 1 373 541 278
Area: 796 095 km2 9 596 961 km2
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Military expenditures

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Military budget: 10,8 billion $ 228 billion $
Percent of GDP: 2,9% 1,9%

Military budget

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(USA)

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Manpower

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Active personnel: 653 800 2 300 000
Reserve personnel: 513 000 8 000 000
Available for military: 48 453 305 385 821 101

Active

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(China)

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(China)

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Land Forces

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Tanks: 2 735 7 760
Armoured fighting vehicles: 3 066 6 000
Total artillery: 3 745 9 726
Self-propelled artillery: 325 1 710
Rocket artillery: 134 1 770

Tanks

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Air Forces

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Total aircraft: 1 143 4 182
Fighter aircraft: 186 1 150
Multirole aircraf: 225 629
Attack aircraft: 90 270
Helicopters: 323 1 170

Total aircraft

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(USA)

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Navy

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Total naval: 231 780
Aircraftcarriers: 0 2
Destroyers: 0 36
Frigates: 9 54
Corvettes: 0 42
Submarines: 5 76

Total naval

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(China)

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Nuclear weapons

Pakistan

Pakistan is one of several nations that are not the part of Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. Yet, the Pakistani government managed to acquire nuclear warheads, or at least it is believed so. The entire pursuit for nuclear power began at the beginning of 1970s. It was back then, when Western Powers heard about Pakistan efforts of developing nuclear weapons. At the beginning the government established first nuclear power plant. It was located near Karachi. Noteworthy is the fact that it was possible due to the help of Western nations, which provided Pakistan with necessary equipment and materials. Later on, the president of Pakistan said that the main goal of Pakistan is to construct nuclear weapons. It was a response to India’s claim that they are capable of building nuclear weapons.

Although throughout the 1970s and at the beginning of 1980s there were little facts regarding Pakistan’ nuclear capabilities, there were rumours that from the mid-1980s, Pakistan already had a few warheads. However, it was only in 1998 that Pakistan decided to conduct their first nuclear tests. There were 6 tests and they were the response to 5 tests that India conducted several weeks before Pakistan.

China

The last of five nuclear-weapon states under the NPT, which at this moment possesses approximately 280 nuclear warheads in total. Nevertheless, the number of deployed bombs is unknown. The first test that occurred to be successful occurred in 1964. The main goal of Chinese was to build a deterrent against two major nuclear powers, namely The United States as well as The Soviet Union. The nation decided to choose dried lake for the nuclear site, Lop Nur. Although China developed and tested its first atomic device only in 1964, they managed to test their first hydrogen bomb only 32 months later. As a result, they can boast with the shortest period between developing fission and fusion technology.

China managed to conduct 45 tests of nuclear weapons. Still, the data regarding the stockpile of accumulated warheads is uncertain. The same thing concerns the number of deployed warheads. It is all due to the limited information that the country provides. We should also bear in mind that they are the only country out of five nuclear-weapon states under the NPT that does not give a positive security assurance.

Military service

Pakistan

16-23 years of age for voluntary military service; soldiers cannot be deployed for combat until age 18; the Pakistani Air Force and Pakistani Navy have inducted their first female pilots and sailors; the Pakistan Air Force recruits aviation technicians at age 15; service obligation (Navy) 10-18 years; retirement required after 18-30 years service or age 40-52.

China

18-24 years of age for selective compulsory military service, with a 2-year service obligation; no minimum age for voluntary service (all officers are volunteers); 18-19 years of age for women high school graduates who meet requirements for specific military jobs; a recent military decision allows women in combat roles.