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Military power of Pakistan & India

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Pakistan vs India

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Pakistan India

Pakistan is a country located in Southern Asia with an area of 796,095 km2 (land boundries: 7,257 km and costline 1,046 km). The capital of Pakistan is Islamabad. The number of inhabitants is 225,199,937.

Pakistan has Major Non-NATO Ally (MNNA) status with the USA. The Pakistan military inventory includes a broad mix of equipment, primarily from China, France, Russia, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Pakistan also has a large domestic defense industry. China is the leading foreign supplier of arms to Pakistan.

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India is a country located in Southern Asia with an area of 3,287,590 km2 (land boundries: 13,888 km and costline 7,000 km). The capital of India is New Delhi. The number of inhabitants is 1,352,642,280.

The Indian Armed Forces were chiefly focused on China and Pakistan. India and Pakistan have fought several conflicts since 1947. The Sino-Indian War between China and India occurred in October–November 1962. A disputed Himalayan border was the main cause of the war. The inventory of the Indian Armed Forces consists mostly of Russian- and Soviet-origin equipment along with a smaller mix of Western and domestically-produced arms. Russia has been the leading supplier of arms to India. France, Israel, and the US also among the major arms suppliers. India's defense industry is capable of producing a range of weapons systems for indigenous use and export.

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If you want to check the comparison in terms of economic ratios check out Pakistan - India

Military expenditures

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Military budget: 10.3 billion $ 67 billion $
Percent of GDP: 4% 2.4%

Military budget

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Highest value in the world: 738 billion $ (USA)
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Manpower

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Active personnel: 653,000 1,455,550
Reserve personnel: 513,000 1,155,000
Available for military: 48,453,305 319,129,420

Active

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Highest value in the world: 2,185,000 (China)
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Land Forces

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Tanks: 3,742 4,614
Armoured fighting vehicles: 8,710 8,600
Total artillery: 6,308 2,799
Self-propelled artillery: 1,225 100
Rocket artillery: 1,738 960

Tanks

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Highest value in the world: 12,267 (Russia)
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Air Forces

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Total aircraft: 1,531 2,263
Fighter aircraft: 60 173
Multirole aircraft: 275 405
Attack aircraft: 69 120
Helicopters: 400 729
UCAV (combat drone): 113 12

Total aircraft

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Highest value in the world: 12,930 (USA)
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Navy

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Total naval: 96 267
Aircraftcarriers: 0 1
Destroyers: 0 11
Frigates: 8 13
Corvettes: 0 23
Submarines: 6 16

Total naval

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Highest value in the world: 967 (North Korea)
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Nuclear weapons

Pakistan

Pakistan is one of several nations that are not the part of Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. Yet, the Pakistani government managed to acquire nuclear warheads, or at least it is believed so. The entire pursuit for nuclear power began at the beginning of 1970s. It was back then, when Western Powers heard about Pakistan efforts of developing nuclear weapons. At the beginning the government established first nuclear power plant. It was located near Karachi. Noteworthy is the fact that it was possible due to the help of Western nations, which provided Pakistan with necessary equipment and materials. Later on, the president of Pakistan said that the main goal of Pakistan is to construct nuclear weapons. It was a response to India’s claim that they are capable of building nuclear weapons.

Although throughout the 1970s and at the beginning of 1980s there were little facts regarding Pakistan’ nuclear capabilities, there were rumours that from the mid-1980s, Pakistan already had a few warheads. However, it was only in 1998 that Pakistan decided to conduct their first nuclear tests. There were 6 tests and they were the response to 5 tests that India conducted several weeks before Pakistan.

India

India is not a party to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. India maintains a "no first use" nuclear policy

India has not released any official statements about the size of its nuclear arsenal. As of January 2020, India was estimated to have around 150 warheads.

Military service

Pakistan

16-23 years of age for voluntary military service; soldiers cannot be deployed for combat until age 18; the Pakistani Air Force and Pakistani Navy have inducted their first female pilots and sailors; the Pakistan Air Force recruits aviation technicians at age 15; service obligation (Navy) 10-18 years; retirement required after 18-30 years service or age 40-52.

India

16-18 years of age for voluntary military service (Army 17 1/2, Air Force 17, Navy 16 1/2); no conscription; women may join as officers, but for noncombat roles only.