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Military power of Poland & Russia

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Poland vs Russia

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Poland Russia

Poland is a country located in Central Europe with an area of 312,679 km2 (land boundries: 2,865 km and costline 440 km). The capital of Poland is Warsaw. The number of inhabitants is 38,268,000.

Poland joined NATO in 1999 and hosts US-led multi-national NATO ground force battlegroup since 2007. The inventory of the Polish Armed Forces consists of a mix of Soviet-era and more modern Western weapons systems. Poland announced in March 2022 plans to increase the size of its armed forces to 300,000 personnel and to allocate at least 3% of GDP to defense. Modernization plan would include such items as 5th generation combat aircraft, unmanned aerial vehicles, rocket artillery, helicopters, submarines and frigates.

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Russia is a country located in North Asia bordering the Arctic Ocean with an area of 17,098,242 km2 (land boundries: 22,407 km and costline 37,653 km). The capital of Russia is Moscow. The number of inhabitants is 146,171,015.

On 24 February 2022, Russia invaded Ukraine with an estimated 150 k troops. Russia is the leading member of the Collective Security Treaty Organization. The Russian Federation's military is equipped with domestically-produced weapons systems. Russia is the world's second largest exporter of military hardware and has the world's largest stockpile of nuclear weapons.

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If you want to check the comparison in terms of economic ratios check out CompareEconomy.com

Military expenditures

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Military budget: 13 billion $ 61.7 billion $
Percent of GDP: 2.1% 4.3%

Military budget

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Highest value in the world: 738 billion $ (USA)
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Manpower

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Active personnel: 140,000 1,154,000
Reserve personnel: 515,000 2,000,000
Available for military: 10,500,000 34,765,736

Active

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Highest value in the world: 2,185,000 (China)
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Land Forces

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Tanks: 627 12,267
Armoured fighting vehicles: 2,662 24,172
Total artillery: 751 18,266
Self-propelled artillery: 577 6,443
Rocket artillery: 174 4,331

Tanks

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Highest value in the world: 12,267 (Russia)
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Air Forces

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Total aircraft: 456 4,418
Fighter aircraft: 23 340
Multirole aircraft: 48 382
Attack aircraft: 18 689
Helicopters: 212 1,665
UCAV (combat drone): 1 100

Total aircraft

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Highest value in the world: 12,930 (USA)
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Navy

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Total naval: 66 653
Aircraftcarriers: 0 1
Destroyers: 0 14
Frigates: 2 11
Corvettes: 2 80
Submarines: 1 66

Total naval

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Highest value in the world: 967 (North Korea)
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Nuclear weapons

Poland

Does not have nuclear weapons.

Russia

The second most important state when it comes to researching, developing, and then storing nuclear weapon. Although the Russians managed to catch up with Americans later on, it was only in 1949 that the first nuclear test conducted by then the Soviet Union occurred. It was still quite a surprise for the Western Powers, who believed that Russia won’t be capable of producing nuclear warheads until 1953-1954. After the first test, the nation in question started to rapidly increase the amount of warheads they possessed. In the end of 1980s, they were the leading power when it comes to total number of warheads stored. It was approximately 40,000 warheads.

Nowadays, similarly to United States, the Russians store a total number of 6490 warheads, what is scarcely more than USA. When it comes to the number of deployed warheads, the amount is the same as in case of Americans, namely 1600 deployed warheads. We should also remember about the fact that Russia conducted over 700 tests, what makes them the second most important nation when it comes to developing nuclear weapons. However, it was the Soviet Union that managed to create the biggest bomb in the world. Known as Tsar Bomba, it had blast yield of 50 megatons of TNT.

Military service

Poland

18-28 years of age for male and female voluntary military service; conscription phased out in 2009-12; service obligation shortened from 12 to 9 months in 2005; women only allowed to serve as officers and noncommissioned officers.

Russia

18-27 years of age for compulsory or voluntary military service; males are registered for the draft at 17 years of age; 1-year service obligation (conscripts can only be sent to combat zones after 6 months of training); reserve obligation for non-officers to age 50; enrollment in military schools from the age of 16, cadets classified as members of the armed forces.