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Military power of Russia & China

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Russia vs China

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Russia China
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Country: Russia (RU) China (CN)
Capital: Moscow Beijing
Population: 144 554 993 1 373 541 278
Area: 17 098 242 km2 9 596 961 km2
More: Russia military forces description China military forces description

Military expenditures

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Military budget: 66,3 billion $ 228 billion $
Percent of GDP: 4,3% 1,9%

Military budget

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(USA)

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(USA)

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Manpower

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Active personnel: 771 000 2 300 000
Reserve personnel: 2 000 000 8 000 000
Available for military: 34 765 736 385 821 101

Active

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(China)

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(China)

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Land Forces

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Tanks: 20 050 7 760
Armoured fighting vehicles: 27 335 6 000
Total artillery: 14 557 9 726
Self-propelled artillery: 5 955 1 710
Rocket artillery: 4 032 1 770

Tanks

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Air Forces

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Total aircraft: 4 441 4 182
Fighter aircraft: 751 1 150
Multirole aircraf: 526 629
Attack aircraft: 783 270
Helicopters: 1 505 1 170

Total aircraft

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(USA)

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(USA)

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Navy

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Total naval: 314 780
Aircraftcarriers: 1 2
Destroyers: 18 36
Frigates: 10 54
Corvettes: 83 42
Submarines: 59 76

Total naval

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(China)

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(China)

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Nuclear weapons

Russia

The second most important state when it comes to researching, developing, and then storing nuclear weapon. Although the Russians managed to catch up with Americans later on, it was only in 1949 that the first nuclear test conducted by then the Soviet Union occurred. It was still quite a surprise for the Western Powers, who believed that Russia won’t be capable of producing nuclear warheads until 1953-1954. After the first test, the nation in question started to rapidly increase the amount of warheads they possessed. In the end of 1980s, they were the leading power when it comes to total number of warheads stored. It was approximately 40,000 warheads.

Nowadays, similarly to United States, the Russians store a total number of 6490 warheads, what is scarcely more than USA. When it comes to the number of deployed warheads, the amount is the same as in case of Americans, namely 1600 deployed warheads. We should also remember about the fact that Russia conducted over 700 tests, what makes them the second most important nation when it comes to developing nuclear weapons. However, it was the Soviet Union that managed to create the biggest bomb in the world. Known as Tsar Bomba, it had blast yield of 50 megatons of TNT.

China

The last of five nuclear-weapon states under the NPT, which at this moment possesses approximately 280 nuclear warheads in total. Nevertheless, the number of deployed bombs is unknown. The first test that occurred to be successful occurred in 1964. The main goal of Chinese was to build a deterrent against two major nuclear powers, namely The United States as well as The Soviet Union. The nation decided to choose dried lake for the nuclear site, Lop Nur. Although China developed and tested its first atomic device only in 1964, they managed to test their first hydrogen bomb only 32 months later. As a result, they can boast with the shortest period between developing fission and fusion technology.

China managed to conduct 45 tests of nuclear weapons. Still, the data regarding the stockpile of accumulated warheads is uncertain. The same thing concerns the number of deployed warheads. It is all due to the limited information that the country provides. We should also bear in mind that they are the only country out of five nuclear-weapon states under the NPT that does not give a positive security assurance.

Military service

Russia

18-27 years of age for compulsory or voluntary military service; males are registered for the draft at 17 years of age; 1-year service obligation (conscripts can only be sent to combat zones after 6 months of training); reserve obligation for non-officers to age 50; enrollment in military schools from the age of 16, cadets classified as members of the armed forces.

China

18-24 years of age for selective compulsory military service, with a 2-year service obligation; no minimum age for voluntary service (all officers are volunteers); 18-19 years of age for women high school graduates who meet requirements for specific military jobs; a recent military decision allows women in combat roles.