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Military power of Russia & France

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Russia vs France

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Country: Russia (RU) France (FR)
Capital: Moscow Paris
Population: 144 554 993 67 013 000
Area: 17 098 242 km2 640 679 km2
More: Russia military forces description France military forces description

Military expenditures

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Military budget: 66,3 billion $ 55,7 billion $
Percent of GDP: 4,3% 2,3%

Military budget

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(USA)

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(USA)

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Manpower

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Active personnel: 771 000 203 000
Reserve personnel: 2 000 000 68 000
Available for military: 34 765 736 14 563 662

Active

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(China)

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(China)

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Land Forces

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Tanks: 20 050 406
Armoured fighting vehicles: 27 335 6 352
Total artillery: 14 557 448
Self-propelled artillery: 5 955 330
Rocket artillery: 4 032 13

Tanks

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Air Forces

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Total aircraft: 4 441 1 076
Fighter aircraft: 751 38
Multirole aircraf: 526 150
Attack aircraft: 783 89
Helicopters: 1 505 512

Total aircraft

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(USA)

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(USA)

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Navy

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Total naval: 314 109
Aircraftcarriers: 1 4
Destroyers: 18 10
Frigates: 10 11
Corvettes: 83 0
Submarines: 59 10

Total naval

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(China)

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(China)

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Nuclear weapons

Russia

The second most important state when it comes to researching, developing, and then storing nuclear weapon. Although the Russians managed to catch up with Americans later on, it was only in 1949 that the first nuclear test conducted by then the Soviet Union occurred. It was still quite a surprise for the Western Powers, who believed that Russia won’t be capable of producing nuclear warheads until 1953-1954. After the first test, the nation in question started to rapidly increase the amount of warheads they possessed. In the end of 1980s, they were the leading power when it comes to total number of warheads stored. It was approximately 40,000 warheads.

Nowadays, similarly to United States, the Russians store a total number of 6490 warheads, what is scarcely more than USA. When it comes to the number of deployed warheads, the amount is the same as in case of Americans, namely 1600 deployed warheads. We should also remember about the fact that Russia conducted over 700 tests, what makes them the second most important nation when it comes to developing nuclear weapons. However, it was the Soviet Union that managed to create the biggest bomb in the world. Known as Tsar Bomba, it had blast yield of 50 megatons of TNT.

France

France managed to research and develop its own nuclear weapon in 1960. The test, known as, Gerboise Bleue, was the result of mostly French research. One of the main figures that played crucial role in the entire process of developing the bomb was General Pierre Marie Gallois. He was concerned that the Suez Crisis, which started in 1956, would show the world how insignificant France became, since out of all Great Powers in the world, they were the only one without possessing its own nuclear arsenal. The tests were conducted on the terrains of Sahara Desert.

At this moment France owns 300 nuclear warheads, out of which almost all are deployed. What is more, compared to Great Britain, they made more tests, approximately 210. Noteworthy is the fact that the development of the first nuclear bomb in France as well as its tests were a bit controversial. It was due to the fact that France allowed Israeli observers to attend the tests, providing them with almost unrestricted access to all the data. It was quite important, since Israel, together with United Kingdom and France, were trying to invade Egypt.

Military service

Russia

18-27 years of age for compulsory or voluntary military service; males are registered for the draft at 17 years of age; 1-year service obligation (conscripts can only be sent to combat zones after 6 months of training); reserve obligation for non-officers to age 50; enrollment in military schools from the age of 16, cadets classified as members of the armed forces.

France

18-25 years of age for male and female voluntary military service; no conscription; 1-year service obligation; women serve in noncombat post.