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Military power of Russia & Turkey

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Russia vs Turkey

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Russia Turkey
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Country: Russia (RU) Turkey (TR)
Capital: Moscow Ankara
Population: 144 554 993 79 814 871
Area: 17 098 242 km2 783 562 km2
More: Russia military forces description Turkey military forces description

Military expenditures

small flag RU RU small flag TR TR
Military budget: 66,3 billion $ 18,2 billion $
Percent of GDP: 4,3% 2,2%

Military budget

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Manpower

small flag RU RU small flag TR TR
Active personnel: 771 000 685 862
Reserve personnel: 2 000 000 407 122
Available for military: 34 765 736 21 079 077

Active

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(China)

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Land Forces

small flag RU RU small flag TR TR
Tanks: 20 050 2 435
Armoured fighting vehicles: 27 335 7 947
Total artillery: 14 557 2 546
Self-propelled artillery: 5 955 1 087
Rocket artillery: 4 032 462

Tanks

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Air Forces

small flag RU RU small flag TR TR
Total aircraft: 4 441 1 351
Fighter aircraft: 751 49
Multirole aircraf: 526 245
Attack aircraft: 783 0
Helicopters: 1 505 606

Total aircraft

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Navy

small flag RU RU small flag TR TR
Total naval: 314 145
Aircraftcarriers: 1 0
Destroyers: 18 0
Frigates: 10 16
Corvettes: 83 9
Submarines: 59 12

Total naval

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Nuclear weapons

Russia

The second most important state when it comes to researching, developing, and then storing nuclear weapon. Although the Russians managed to catch up with Americans later on, it was only in 1949 that the first nuclear test conducted by then the Soviet Union occurred. It was still quite a surprise for the Western Powers, who believed that Russia won’t be capable of producing nuclear warheads until 1953-1954. After the first test, the nation in question started to rapidly increase the amount of warheads they possessed. In the end of 1980s, they were the leading power when it comes to total number of warheads stored. It was approximately 40,000 warheads.

Nowadays, similarly to United States, the Russians store a total number of 6490 warheads, what is scarcely more than USA. When it comes to the number of deployed warheads, the amount is the same as in case of Americans, namely 1600 deployed warheads. We should also remember about the fact that Russia conducted over 700 tests, what makes them the second most important nation when it comes to developing nuclear weapons. However, it was the Soviet Union that managed to create the biggest bomb in the world. Known as Tsar Bomba, it had blast yield of 50 megatons of TNT.

Turkey

Turkey participates in the NATO nuclear weapons sharing arrangements and trains for delivering United States nuclear warheads.

Military service

Russia

18-27 years of age for compulsory or voluntary military service; males are registered for the draft at 17 years of age; 1-year service obligation (conscripts can only be sent to combat zones after 6 months of training); reserve obligation for non-officers to age 50; enrollment in military schools from the age of 16, cadets classified as members of the armed forces.

Turkey

21-41 years of age for male compulsory military service; 18 years of age for voluntary service; 12 months conscript obligation for non-university graduates, 6-12 months for university graduates (graduates of higher education may perform 6 months of military service as short-term privates, or 12 months as reserve officers); conscripts are called to register at age 20, for service at 21; women serve in the Turkish Armed Forces only as officers; reserve obligation to age 41; Turkish citizens with a residence or work permit who have worked abroad for at least 3 years (1095 days) can be exempt from military service in exchange for 6,000 EUR or its equivalent in foreign currencies; a law passed in December 2014 introduced a one-time payment scheme which exempted Turkish citizens 27 and older from conscription in exchange for a payment of $8,150.