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Military power of South Korea & China

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South Korea vs China

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South Korea China
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Country: South Korea (KR) China (CN)
Capital: Seoul Beijing
Population: 51,709,098 1,444,390,177
Area: 100,210 km2 9,596,961 km2
More: South Korea military forces description China military forces description
Economy Comparison:

Military expenditures

small flag KR KR small flag CN CN
Military budget: 45.5 billion $ 252 billion $
Percent of GDP: 2.7% 1.7%

Military budget

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(USA)

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(USA)

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Manpower

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Active personnel: 555,000 2,185,000
Reserve personnel: 2,750,000 8,000,000
Available for military: 13,185,794 385,821,101

Active

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(China)

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(China)

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Land Forces

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Tanks: 2,446 5,750
Armoured fighting vehicles: 3,290 14,130
Total artillery: 5,958 7,094
Self-propelled artillery: 1,890 2,720
Rocket artillery: 214 3,140

Tanks

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Air Forces

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Total aircraft: 1,570 4,630
Fighter aircraft: 151 1,049
Multirole aircraf: 320 1,130
Attack aircraft: 0 120
Helicopters: 786 1,355
UCAV (combat drone): 0 151

Total aircraft

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(USA)

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(USA)

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Navy

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Total naval: 151 742
Aircraftcarriers: 1 4
Destroyers: 12 38
Frigates: 13 54
Corvettes: 16 73
Submarines: 15 74

Total naval

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(China)

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(China)

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Nuclear weapons

South Korea

Does not have nuclear weapons.

China

The last of five nuclear-weapon states under the NPT, which at this moment possesses approximately 280 nuclear warheads in total. Nevertheless, the number of deployed bombs is unknown. The first test that occurred to be successful occurred in 1964. The main goal of Chinese was to build a deterrent against two major nuclear powers, namely The United States as well as The Soviet Union. The nation decided to choose dried lake for the nuclear site, Lop Nur. Although China developed and tested its first atomic device only in 1964, they managed to test their first hydrogen bomb only 32 months later. As a result, they can boast with the shortest period between developing fission and fusion technology.

China managed to conduct 45 tests of nuclear weapons. Still, the data regarding the stockpile of accumulated warheads is uncertain. The same thing concerns the number of deployed warheads. It is all due to the limited information that the country provides. We should also bear in mind that they are the only country out of five nuclear-weapon states under the NPT that does not give a positive security assurance.

Military service

South Korea

20-30 years of age for compulsory military service, with middle school education required; minimum conscript service obligation - 21 months (Army, Marines), 23 months (Navy), 24 months (Air Force); 18-26 years of age for voluntary military service; women, in service since 1950, admitted to 7 service branches, including infantry, but excluded from artillery, armor, anti-air, and chaplaincy corps; HIV-positive individuals are exempt from military service.

China

18-24 years of age for selective compulsory military service, with a 2-year service obligation; no minimum age for voluntary service (all officers are volunteers); 18-19 years of age for women high school graduates who meet requirements for specific military jobs; a recent military decision allows women in combat roles.