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Military power of Turkey & China and Russia

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Turkey vs China and Russia

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Turkey China and Russia

Turkey is a country located in Southeastern Europe and Southwestern Asia (that portion of Turkey west of the Bosporus is geographically part of Europe) with an area of 783,562 km2 (land boundries: 2,816 km and costline 7,200 km). The capital of Turkey is Ankara. The number of inhabitants is 83,614,362.

Turkey has been a member of NATO since 1952 and hosts NATO's Land Forces Command in Izmir. Under a long-range strategic plan, the Turkish Armed Forces continued efforts to modernize its equipment and force structure. The Turkish Armed Forces inventory is mostly comprised of a mix of domestically-produced and Western weapons systems. In 2019 Turkey purchased the Russian S-400 air defense system. That complicated its relationship with NATO. Turkey has a strong defense industry capable of producing a range of weapons systems for both export and internal use.

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A hypothetical military alliance between China and Russia. The two countries share a land border and they signed the Treaty of Good-Neighborliness and Friendly Cooperation in 2001. A twenty-year strategic treaty extended or another 5 years after its expiration in February 2022. China is the world's most populous country, with a population of more than 1.4 billion people, on the other hand Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering over 17,098,246 square kilometres.

Currently, China focuses on domestic weapon designs and manufacturing, while still importing certain military products from Russia, such as jet engines. In September 2018, Russia hosted the militaries of China and Mongolia as a part of the Vostok 2018 military exercise. Russia and China flew joint bomber patrols over the Pacific. China refused to condemn the Russian invasion of Ukraine. Following the implementation of international sanctions during the war, China provided economic relief to Russia.

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Military expenditures

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Military budget: 15.5 billion $ 358.9 billion $
Percent of GDP: 2.1% 0%

Military budget

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Highest value in the world: 816 billion $ (USA)


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Active personnel: 425,000 3,035,000
Reserve personnel: 200,000 4,000,000
Available for military: 21,079,077 420,586,837


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Highest value in the world: 2,035,000 (China)

Land Forces

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Tanks: 3,017 18,017
Armoured fighting vehicles: 11,450 38,302
Total artillery: 2,521 25,360
Self-propelled artillery: 943 9,163
Rocket artillery: 399 7,471


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Highest value in the world: 12,267 (Russia)

Air Forces

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Total aircraft: 1,573 9,048
Fighter aircraft: 48 1,389
Multirole aircraft: 245 1,512
Attack aircraft: 0 809
Helicopters: 676 3,020
UCAV (combat drone): 172 251

Total aircraft

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Highest value in the world: 12,930 (USA)


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Total naval: 154 1,395
Aircraftcarriers: 0 5
Destroyers: 0 52
Frigates: 16 65
Corvettes: 10 153
Submarines: 12 140

Total naval

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Highest value in the world: 967 (North Korea)

Nuclear weapons


Turkey participates in the NATO nuclear weapons sharing arrangements and trains for delivering United States nuclear warheads.

China and Russia

Data not available

Military service


21-41 years of age for male compulsory military service; 18 years of age for voluntary service; 12 months conscript obligation for non-university graduates, 6-12 months for university graduates (graduates of higher education may perform 6 months of military service as short-term privates, or 12 months as reserve officers); conscripts are called to register at age 20, for service at 21; women serve in the Turkish Armed Forces only as officers; reserve obligation to age 41; Turkish citizens with a residence or work permit who have worked abroad for at least 3 years (1095 days) can be exempt from military service in exchange for 6,000 EUR or its equivalent in foreign currencies; a law passed in December 2014 introduced a one-time payment scheme which exempted Turkish citizens 27 and older from conscription in exchange for a payment of $8,150.

China and Russia

Data not available