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Military power of Turkey & Pakistan

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Turkey vs Pakistan

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Turkey Pakistan

Turkey is a country located in Southeastern Europe and Southwestern Asia (that portion of Turkey west of the Bosporus is geographically part of Europe) with an area of 783,562 km2 (land boundries: 2,816 km and costline 7,200 km). The capital of Turkey is Ankara. The number of inhabitants is 83,614,362.

Turkey has been a member of NATO since 1952 and hosts NATO's Land Forces Command in Izmir. Under a long-range strategic plan, the Turkish Armed Forces continued efforts to modernize its equipment and force structure. The Turkish Armed Forces inventory is mostly comprised of a mix of domestically-produced and Western weapons systems. In 2019 Turkey purchased the Russian S-400 air defense system. That complicated its relationship with NATO. Turkey has a strong defense industry capable of producing a range of weapons systems for both export and internal use.

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Pakistan is a country located in Southern Asia with an area of 796,095 km2 (land boundries: 7,257 km and costline 1,046 km). The capital of Pakistan is Islamabad. The number of inhabitants is 225,199,937.

Pakistan has Major Non-NATO Ally (MNNA) status with the USA. The Pakistan military inventory includes a broad mix of equipment, primarily from China, France, Russia, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Pakistan also has a large domestic defense industry. China is the leading foreign supplier of arms to Pakistan.

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If you want to check the comparison in terms of economic ratios check out CompareEconomy.com

Military expenditures

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Military budget: 15.8 billion $ 10.4 billion $
Percent of GDP: 1.5% 4%

Military budget

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Highest value in the world: 916 billion $ (USA)
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Manpower

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Active personnel: 425,000 654,000
Reserve personnel: 200,000 550,000
Available for military: 21,079,077 48,453,305

Active

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Highest value in the world: 2,035,000 (China)
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Land Forces

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Tanks: 3,017 3,742
Armoured fighting vehicles: 11,450 8,710
Total artillery: 2,521 6,308
Self-propelled artillery: 943 1,225
Rocket artillery: 399 1,738

Tanks

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Highest value in the world: 12,267 (Russia)
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Air Forces

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Total aircraft: 1,573 1,531
Fighter aircraft: 48 60
Multirole aircraft: 245 275
Attack aircraft: 0 69
Helicopters: 676 400
UCAV (combat drone): 172 113

Total aircraft

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Highest value in the world: 12,930 (USA)
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Navy

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Total naval: 154 96
Aircraftcarriers: 0 0
Destroyers: 0 0
Frigates: 16 8
Corvettes: 10 0
Submarines: 12 6

Total naval

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Highest value in the world: 967 (North Korea)
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Nuclear weapons

Turkey

Turkey participates in the NATO nuclear weapons sharing arrangements and trains for delivering United States nuclear warheads.

Pakistan

Pakistan is one of several nations that are not the part of Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. Yet, the Pakistani government managed to acquire nuclear warheads, or at least it is believed so. The entire pursuit for nuclear power began at the beginning of 1970s. It was back then, when Western Powers heard about Pakistan efforts of developing nuclear weapons. At the beginning the government established first nuclear power plant. It was located near Karachi. Noteworthy is the fact that it was possible due to the help of Western nations, which provided Pakistan with necessary equipment and materials. Later on, the president of Pakistan said that the main goal of Pakistan is to construct nuclear weapons. It was a response to India’s claim that they are capable of building nuclear weapons.

Although throughout the 1970s and at the beginning of 1980s there were little facts regarding Pakistan’ nuclear capabilities, there were rumours that from the mid-1980s, Pakistan already had a few warheads. However, it was only in 1998 that Pakistan decided to conduct their first nuclear tests. There were 6 tests and they were the response to 5 tests that India conducted several weeks before Pakistan.

Military service

Turkey

21-41 years of age for male compulsory military service; 18 years of age for voluntary service; 12 months conscript obligation for non-university graduates, 6-12 months for university graduates (graduates of higher education may perform 6 months of military service as short-term privates, or 12 months as reserve officers); conscripts are called to register at age 20, for service at 21; women serve in the Turkish Armed Forces only as officers; reserve obligation to age 41; Turkish citizens with a residence or work permit who have worked abroad for at least 3 years (1095 days) can be exempt from military service in exchange for 6,000 EUR or its equivalent in foreign currencies; a law passed in December 2014 introduced a one-time payment scheme which exempted Turkish citizens 27 and older from conscription in exchange for a payment of $8,150.

Pakistan

16-23 years of age for voluntary military service; soldiers cannot be deployed for combat until age 18; the Pakistani Air Force and Pakistani Navy have inducted their first female pilots and sailors; the Pakistan Air Force recruits aviation technicians at age 15; service obligation (Navy) 10-18 years; retirement required after 18-30 years service or age 40-52.