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Military power of Turkey & Ukraine

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Turkey vs Ukraine

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Turkey Ukraine

Turkey is a country located in Southeastern Europe and Southwestern Asia (that portion of Turkey west of the Bosporus is geographically part of Europe) with an area of 783,562 km2 (land boundries: 2,816 km and costline 7,200 km). The capital of Turkey is Ankara. The number of inhabitants is 83,614,362.

Turkey has been a member of NATO since 1952 and hosts NATO's Land Forces Command in Izmir. Under a long-range strategic plan, the Turkish Armed Forces continued efforts to modernize its equipment and force structure. The Turkish Armed Forces inventory is mostly comprised of a mix of domestically-produced and Western weapons systems. In 2019 Turkey purchased the Russian S-400 air defense system. That complicated its relationship with NATO. Turkey has a strong defense industry capable of producing a range of weapons systems for both export and internal use.

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Ukraine is a country located in Eastern Europe with an area of 603,500 km2 (land boundries: 5,581 km and costline 2,782 km). The capital of Ukraine is Kiev. The number of inhabitants is 41,487,960.

During the 2008 Bucharest summit, NATO declared that Ukraine would eventually become a member of NATO when it meets the criteria for accession. In February 2022, Russia launched a full-scale invasion of Ukraine. The Ukrainian military is equipped mostly with older Russian and Soviet-era weapons systems. Ukraine has a broad defense industry capable of building Soviet-era land systems and maintaining and upgrading Soviet-era combat aircraft, as well as missile and air defense systems.

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If you want to check the comparison in terms of economic ratios check out CompareEconomy.com

Military expenditures

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Military budget: 21.9 billion $ 5.4 billion $
Percent of GDP: 2.9% 3%

Military budget

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Highest value in the world: 738 billion $ (USA)
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Manpower

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Active personnel: 355,200 255,000
Reserve personnel: 378,700 1,000,000
Available for military: 21,079,077 11,149,646

Active

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Highest value in the world: 2,185,000 (China)
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Land Forces

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Tanks: 3,017 1,462
Armoured fighting vehicles: 11,450 5,739
Total artillery: 2,521 3,636
Self-propelled artillery: 943 899
Rocket artillery: 399 693

Tanks

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Highest value in the world: 12,267 (Russia)
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Air Forces

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Total aircraft: 1,573 297
Fighter aircraft: 48 57
Multirole aircraft: 245 0
Attack aircraft: 0 27
Helicopters: 676 115
UCAV (combat drone): 172 12

Total aircraft

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Highest value in the world: 12,930 (USA)
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Navy

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Total naval: 154 53
Aircraftcarriers: 0 0
Destroyers: 0 0
Frigates: 16 1
Corvettes: 10 0
Submarines: 12 0

Total naval

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Highest value in the world: 967 (North Korea)
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Nuclear weapons

Turkey

Turkey participates in the NATO nuclear weapons sharing arrangements and trains for delivering United States nuclear warheads.

Ukraine

Although Ukraine has never produced its own nuclear weapon to this day, we should bear in mind that back in the days, Ukraine possessed approximately 5,000 nuclear weapons. This is all due to the fact that before 1991, Ukraine was a part of the Soviet Union. However, as a consequence of its dissolution, all the countries that were satellites or were forcefully attached to Soviet Union, received number of warheads. They were once the property of the Soviet Union. Nevertheless, after Ukraine became independent, they received everything that was the part of the USSR, even nuclear warheads. As a result of that, Ukraine became the third largest holder of nuclear weapons in the world.

Ukraine decided to get rid of these weapons quite quickly. Three years later, in 1994 that is, they joined Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. In 1996, all the warheads were moved and disassembled in Russia.

Military service

Turkey

21-41 years of age for male compulsory military service; 18 years of age for voluntary service; 12 months conscript obligation for non-university graduates, 6-12 months for university graduates (graduates of higher education may perform 6 months of military service as short-term privates, or 12 months as reserve officers); conscripts are called to register at age 20, for service at 21; women serve in the Turkish Armed Forces only as officers; reserve obligation to age 41; Turkish citizens with a residence or work permit who have worked abroad for at least 3 years (1095 days) can be exempt from military service in exchange for 6,000 EUR or its equivalent in foreign currencies; a law passed in December 2014 introduced a one-time payment scheme which exempted Turkish citizens 27 and older from conscription in exchange for a payment of $8,150.

Ukraine

18-27 years of age for compulsory military service; conscript service obligation is 18 months