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Military power of Ukraine & Russia

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Ukraine vs Russia

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Ukraine Russia
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Country: Ukraine (UA) Russia (RU)
Capital: Kiev Moscow
Population: 44 429 471 144 554 993
Area: 603 500 km2 17 098 242 km2
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Military expenditures

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Military budget: 3 billion $ 66,3 billion $
Percent of GDP: 3% 4,3%

Military budget

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Manpower

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Active personnel: 200 000 771 000
Reserve personnel: 1 000 000 2 000 000
Available for military: 11 149 646 34 765 736

Active

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Land Forces

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Tanks: 2 045 20 050
Armoured fighting vehicles: 6 127 27 335
Total artillery: 3 973 14 557
Self-propelled artillery: 1 236 5 955
Rocket artillery: 693 4 032

Tanks

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Air Forces

small flag UA UA small flag RU RU
Total aircraft: 425 4 441
Fighter aircraft: 39 751
Multirole aircraf: 0 526
Attack aircraft: 25 783
Helicopters: 243 1 505

Total aircraft

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Navy

small flag UA UA small flag RU RU
Total naval: 40 314
Aircraftcarriers: 0 1
Destroyers: 0 18
Frigates: 1 10
Corvettes: 1 83
Submarines: 0 59

Total naval

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Nuclear weapons

Ukraine

Although Ukraine has never produced its own nuclear weapon to this day, we should bear in mind that back in the days, Ukraine possessed approximately 5,000 nuclear weapons. This is all due to the fact that before 1991, Ukraine was a part of the Soviet Union. However, as a consequence of its dissolution, all the countries that were satellites or were forcefully attached to Soviet Union, received number of warheads. They were once the property of the Soviet Union. Nevertheless, after Ukraine became independent, they received everything that was the part of the USSR, even nuclear warheads. As a result of that, Ukraine became the third largest holder of nuclear weapons in the world.

Ukraine decided to get rid of these weapons quite quickly. Three years later, in 1994 that is, they joined Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. In 1996, all the warheads were moved and disassembled in Russia.

Russia

The second most important state when it comes to researching, developing, and then storing nuclear weapon. Although the Russians managed to catch up with Americans later on, it was only in 1949 that the first nuclear test conducted by then the Soviet Union occurred. It was still quite a surprise for the Western Powers, who believed that Russia won’t be capable of producing nuclear warheads until 1953-1954. After the first test, the nation in question started to rapidly increase the amount of warheads they possessed. In the end of 1980s, they were the leading power when it comes to total number of warheads stored. It was approximately 40,000 warheads.

Nowadays, similarly to United States, the Russians store a total number of 6490 warheads, what is scarcely more than USA. When it comes to the number of deployed warheads, the amount is the same as in case of Americans, namely 1600 deployed warheads. We should also remember about the fact that Russia conducted over 700 tests, what makes them the second most important nation when it comes to developing nuclear weapons. However, it was the Soviet Union that managed to create the biggest bomb in the world. Known as Tsar Bomba, it had blast yield of 50 megatons of TNT.

Military service

Ukraine

18-27 years of age for compulsory military service; conscript service obligation is 18 months

Russia

18-27 years of age for compulsory or voluntary military service; males are registered for the draft at 17 years of age; 1-year service obligation (conscripts can only be sent to combat zones after 6 months of training); reserve obligation for non-officers to age 50; enrollment in military schools from the age of 16, cadets classified as members of the armed forces.