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Military power of United Kingdom & China

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United Kingdom vs China

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United Kingdom China
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Country: United Kingdom (GB) China (CN)
Capital: London Beijing
Population: 67,886,004 1,444,390,177
Area: 242,495 km2 9,596,961 km2
More: United Kingdom military forces description China military forces description
Economy Comparison:

Military expenditures

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Military budget: 59.2 billion $ 252 billion $
Percent of GDP: 2.2% 1.7%

Military budget

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(USA)

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Manpower

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Active personnel: 196,140 2,185,000
Reserve personnel: 45,000 8,000,000
Available for military: 14,856,917 385,821,101

Active

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(China)

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Land Forces

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Tanks: 286 5,750
Armoured fighting vehicles: 4,644 14,130
Total artillery: 259 7,094
Self-propelled artillery: 89 2,720
Rocket artillery: 44 3,140

Tanks

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Air Forces

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Total aircraft: 996 4,630
Fighter aircraft: 157 1,049
Multirole aircraf: 21 1,130
Attack aircraft: 0 120
Helicopters: 359 1,355
UCAV (combat drone): 9 151

Total aircraft

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(USA)

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Navy

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Total naval: 74 742
Aircraftcarriers: 1 4
Destroyers: 6 38
Frigates: 12 54
Corvettes: 0 73
Submarines: 10 74

Total naval

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Nuclear weapons

United Kingdom

Third out of fifth nuclear-weapon states that are under the NPT, the treaty of the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. The first successful test in the nuclear history of Great Britain occurred in October 1952, three years after Russia’s first successful attempt. “Hurricane”, which was the codename for the test assumed the use of 3 megaton bomb, which was dropped in Australia. The UK itself did not have many tests after that. Comparing to a thousand and hundreds of tests by Americans and Russians, the Brits made only 45 tests of nuclear arsenal.

We should remember about the fact that United Kingdom was in a strict cooperation with United States at the very beginning. It means that we cannot forget about the tremendous help the Americans received from the British government and men of science while developing their first nuclear bomb. Unfortunately, all the data that USA could not be sent back to the UK, since the cooperation has ended prematurely. This was one of the reasons why UK developed their first nuclear weapon so late. At this moment, they possess 215 warheads in total, out of which 120 is deployed and completely operational.

China

The last of five nuclear-weapon states under the NPT, which at this moment possesses approximately 280 nuclear warheads in total. Nevertheless, the number of deployed bombs is unknown. The first test that occurred to be successful occurred in 1964. The main goal of Chinese was to build a deterrent against two major nuclear powers, namely The United States as well as The Soviet Union. The nation decided to choose dried lake for the nuclear site, Lop Nur. Although China developed and tested its first atomic device only in 1964, they managed to test their first hydrogen bomb only 32 months later. As a result, they can boast with the shortest period between developing fission and fusion technology.

China managed to conduct 45 tests of nuclear weapons. Still, the data regarding the stockpile of accumulated warheads is uncertain. The same thing concerns the number of deployed warheads. It is all due to the limited information that the country provides. We should also bear in mind that they are the only country out of five nuclear-weapon states under the NPT that does not give a positive security assurance.

Military service

United Kingdom

16-33 years of age (officers 17-28) for voluntary military service (with parental consent under 18); no conscription; women serve in military services, but are excluded from ground combat positions and some naval postings; must be citizen of the UK, Commonwealth, or Republic of Ireland; reservists serve a minimum of 3 years, to age 45 or 55; 17 years 6 months of age for voluntary military service by Nepalese citizens in the Brigade of Gurkhas; 16-34 years of age for voluntary military service by Papua New Guinean citizens.

China

18-24 years of age for selective compulsory military service, with a 2-year service obligation; no minimum age for voluntary service (all officers are volunteers); 18-19 years of age for women high school graduates who meet requirements for specific military jobs; a recent military decision allows women in combat roles.