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Military power of United Kingdom & Russia

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United Kingdom vs Russia

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Country: United Kingdom (GB) Russia (RU)
Capital: London Moscow
Population: 65 110 000 144 554 993
Area: 242 495 km2 17 098 242 km2
More: United Kingdom military forces description Russia military forces description

Military expenditures

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Military budget: 58,6 billion $ 66,3 billion $
Percent of GDP: 2% 4,3%

Military budget

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(USA)

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Manpower

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Active personnel: 156 940 771 000
Reserve personnel: 75 110 2 000 000
Available for military: 14 856 917 34 765 736

Active

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(China)

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Land Forces

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Tanks: 407 20 050
Armoured fighting vehicles: 4 673 27 335
Total artillery: 532 14 557
Self-propelled artillery: 117 5 955
Rocket artillery: 50 4 032

Tanks

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Air Forces

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Total aircraft: 888 4 441
Fighter aircraft: 141 751
Multirole aircraf: 91 526
Attack aircraft: 0 783
Helicopters: 386 1 505

Total aircraft

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(USA)

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Navy

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Total naval: 76 314
Aircraftcarriers: 1 1
Destroyers: 6 18
Frigates: 13 10
Corvettes: 0 83
Submarines: 11 59

Total naval

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(China)

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Nuclear weapons

United Kingdom

Third out of fifth nuclear-weapon states that are under the NPT, the treaty of the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. The first successful test in the nuclear history of Great Britain occurred in October 1952, three years after Russia’s first successful attempt. “Hurricane”, which was the codename for the test assumed the use of 3 megaton bomb, which was dropped in Australia. The UK itself did not have many tests after that. Comparing to a thousand and hundreds of tests by Americans and Russians, the Brits made only 45 tests of nuclear arsenal.

We should remember about the fact that United Kingdom was in a strict cooperation with United States at the very beginning. It means that we cannot forget about the tremendous help the Americans received from the British government and men of science while developing their first nuclear bomb. Unfortunately, all the data that USA could not be sent back to the UK, since the cooperation has ended prematurely. This was one of the reasons why UK developed their first nuclear weapon so late. At this moment, they possess 215 warheads in total, out of which 120 is deployed and completely operational.

Russia

The second most important state when it comes to researching, developing, and then storing nuclear weapon. Although the Russians managed to catch up with Americans later on, it was only in 1949 that the first nuclear test conducted by then the Soviet Union occurred. It was still quite a surprise for the Western Powers, who believed that Russia won’t be capable of producing nuclear warheads until 1953-1954. After the first test, the nation in question started to rapidly increase the amount of warheads they possessed. In the end of 1980s, they were the leading power when it comes to total number of warheads stored. It was approximately 40,000 warheads.

Nowadays, similarly to United States, the Russians store a total number of 6490 warheads, what is scarcely more than USA. When it comes to the number of deployed warheads, the amount is the same as in case of Americans, namely 1600 deployed warheads. We should also remember about the fact that Russia conducted over 700 tests, what makes them the second most important nation when it comes to developing nuclear weapons. However, it was the Soviet Union that managed to create the biggest bomb in the world. Known as Tsar Bomba, it had blast yield of 50 megatons of TNT.

Military service

United Kingdom

16-33 years of age (officers 17-28) for voluntary military service (with parental consent under 18); no conscription; women serve in military services, but are excluded from ground combat positions and some naval postings; must be citizen of the UK, Commonwealth, or Republic of Ireland; reservists serve a minimum of 3 years, to age 45 or 55; 17 years 6 months of age for voluntary military service by Nepalese citizens in the Brigade of Gurkhas; 16-34 years of age for voluntary military service by Papua New Guinean citizens.

Russia

18-27 years of age for compulsory or voluntary military service; males are registered for the draft at 17 years of age; 1-year service obligation (conscripts can only be sent to combat zones after 6 months of training); reserve obligation for non-officers to age 50; enrollment in military schools from the age of 16, cadets classified as members of the armed forces.